Resistance to chemotherapeutic agents is one of the distinct features of cancer cells. We evaluate the role of activated MEK-ERK signaling in Camptotecin/irinotecan (CPT-11)-induced cell death using constitutively activated MEK1-transfected normal rat intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-caMEK cells). A CPT-11-induced inhibitory concentration of 50% was determined by WST assay. Apoptosis was evaluated by DNA staining and fragmented DNA analysis. Protein expressions were analyzed by western blotting. We also examined the role of cyclooxygenase-2 in the cell systems. IEC-caMEK cells possessed survival advantages compared to control cells. Apoptosis was remarkably suppressed in IEC-caMEK cells. Western blot analysis revealed increased expression of Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, Mcl-1, and COX-2 and decreased expression of Bak in IEC-caMEK cells. The COX-2 selective inhibitor ameliorated the antiapoptotic nature of IEC-caMEK cells. MEK activation suppressed CPT-11-induced apoptosis in IEC-caMEK cells via a COX-2- dependent mechanism. Therefore, MEK-ERK signaling may contribute to the drug-resistant nature of cancer cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Digestive Diseases and Sciences|
|State||Published - Oct 2007|
- Chemotherapeutic agents
- MEK-ERK signaling
ASJC Scopus subject areas