Meeting the Curricular Challenges of Inclusive Assessment: The role of alignment, opportunity to learn, and student engagement

Alexander Kurz, Devadrita Talapatra, Andrew T. Roach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations


Inclusive test-based accountability systems are intended to focus attention on the teaching and learning of important knowledge and skills for students with disabilities. Test score inferences to this end are often based on unverified assumptions of curricular alignment, access, and engagement. Focusing on students with disabilities, we discuss key concepts and practices relevant for measuring and facilitating alignment, opportunity to learn (OTL), and student engagement. In conclusion, three recommendations are provided calling for the collection and evaluation of alignment, OTL, and engagement data to support the validity of test score inferences and to inform the design of interventions that improve student OTL and engagement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-52
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Disability, Development and Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012



  • access
  • accountability
  • alignment
  • engagement
  • intended curriculum model
  • opportunity to learn
  • validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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