Mediation of artifacts in behavioral research

Ralph L. Rosnow, Leona S. Aiken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


An integrative artifact model is developed from a combination of role theory and McGuire's information-processing theory of social influence. The main extraneous sources of systematic error are reduced to three conjoint mediators, the end product of which determines the likelihood that a subject will positively or negatively react to demand characteristics. Conditions thought to affect the mediating variables are noted, and the practical advantage of this combinatory view is discussed as it applies to estimating the inferential validity of experimental findings in psychology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-201
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1973

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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