28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work concerns the tensile properties of cement-based hybrid composites manufactured as: (i) sandwich composites that combine different layers of single fabric types; and (ii) hybrid composites, made from several yarn types within the same fabric. Hybrid combinations of low-modulus fabrics of polyethylene (PE) or polypropylene (PP) and high-modulus AR glass or aramid fabrics were prepared by the pultrusion process and tested in tension. Influence of pultrusion direction on the results was one of the parameters studied. It was found that hybrid composites made from PE and AR glass sustain strains better than 100% AR glass composites, and are stronger than a single PE fabric composite. A hybrid fabric composites made with combination of high strength-high cost aramid and low stiffness-low cost PP yarns performed better than a single aramid fabric composite relative to their reinforcing volume contents. Results show that making hybrid composites is an attractive option for cement-based elements. The performance of hybrid fabric composites is also influenced by the arrangement of fabric layers in the laminates. Composites with brittle and relatively strong fabrics (glass) at the mid-section and ductile fabrics (PE) near the surfaces of the composite performed better in tension than composites with the opposite arrangement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)647-657
Number of pages11
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Volume31
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009

Fingerprint

Cements
Mechanical properties
Composite materials
Polyethylene
Polyethylenes
Pultrusion
Glass
Polypropylenes
Yarn
Tensile properties
Laminates
Costs
Stiffness

Keywords

  • Cement composites
  • Fabric
  • Hybrid
  • Pultrusion
  • Tension
  • Textile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Building and Construction

Cite this

Mechanical properties of hybrid fabrics in pultruded cement composites. / Peled, Alva; Mobasher, Barzin; Cohen, Zvi.

In: Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 31, No. 9, 10.2009, p. 647-657.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{be808a8acf8248e999039851cd442285,
title = "Mechanical properties of hybrid fabrics in pultruded cement composites",
abstract = "This work concerns the tensile properties of cement-based hybrid composites manufactured as: (i) sandwich composites that combine different layers of single fabric types; and (ii) hybrid composites, made from several yarn types within the same fabric. Hybrid combinations of low-modulus fabrics of polyethylene (PE) or polypropylene (PP) and high-modulus AR glass or aramid fabrics were prepared by the pultrusion process and tested in tension. Influence of pultrusion direction on the results was one of the parameters studied. It was found that hybrid composites made from PE and AR glass sustain strains better than 100{\%} AR glass composites, and are stronger than a single PE fabric composite. A hybrid fabric composites made with combination of high strength-high cost aramid and low stiffness-low cost PP yarns performed better than a single aramid fabric composite relative to their reinforcing volume contents. Results show that making hybrid composites is an attractive option for cement-based elements. The performance of hybrid fabric composites is also influenced by the arrangement of fabric layers in the laminates. Composites with brittle and relatively strong fabrics (glass) at the mid-section and ductile fabrics (PE) near the surfaces of the composite performed better in tension than composites with the opposite arrangement.",
keywords = "Cement composites, Fabric, Hybrid, Pultrusion, Tension, Textile",
author = "Alva Peled and Barzin Mobasher and Zvi Cohen",
year = "2009",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2009.06.002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "647--657",
journal = "Cement and Concrete Composites",
issn = "0958-9465",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mechanical properties of hybrid fabrics in pultruded cement composites

AU - Peled, Alva

AU - Mobasher, Barzin

AU - Cohen, Zvi

PY - 2009/10

Y1 - 2009/10

N2 - This work concerns the tensile properties of cement-based hybrid composites manufactured as: (i) sandwich composites that combine different layers of single fabric types; and (ii) hybrid composites, made from several yarn types within the same fabric. Hybrid combinations of low-modulus fabrics of polyethylene (PE) or polypropylene (PP) and high-modulus AR glass or aramid fabrics were prepared by the pultrusion process and tested in tension. Influence of pultrusion direction on the results was one of the parameters studied. It was found that hybrid composites made from PE and AR glass sustain strains better than 100% AR glass composites, and are stronger than a single PE fabric composite. A hybrid fabric composites made with combination of high strength-high cost aramid and low stiffness-low cost PP yarns performed better than a single aramid fabric composite relative to their reinforcing volume contents. Results show that making hybrid composites is an attractive option for cement-based elements. The performance of hybrid fabric composites is also influenced by the arrangement of fabric layers in the laminates. Composites with brittle and relatively strong fabrics (glass) at the mid-section and ductile fabrics (PE) near the surfaces of the composite performed better in tension than composites with the opposite arrangement.

AB - This work concerns the tensile properties of cement-based hybrid composites manufactured as: (i) sandwich composites that combine different layers of single fabric types; and (ii) hybrid composites, made from several yarn types within the same fabric. Hybrid combinations of low-modulus fabrics of polyethylene (PE) or polypropylene (PP) and high-modulus AR glass or aramid fabrics were prepared by the pultrusion process and tested in tension. Influence of pultrusion direction on the results was one of the parameters studied. It was found that hybrid composites made from PE and AR glass sustain strains better than 100% AR glass composites, and are stronger than a single PE fabric composite. A hybrid fabric composites made with combination of high strength-high cost aramid and low stiffness-low cost PP yarns performed better than a single aramid fabric composite relative to their reinforcing volume contents. Results show that making hybrid composites is an attractive option for cement-based elements. The performance of hybrid fabric composites is also influenced by the arrangement of fabric layers in the laminates. Composites with brittle and relatively strong fabrics (glass) at the mid-section and ductile fabrics (PE) near the surfaces of the composite performed better in tension than composites with the opposite arrangement.

KW - Cement composites

KW - Fabric

KW - Hybrid

KW - Pultrusion

KW - Tension

KW - Textile

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=68949162044&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=68949162044&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2009.06.002

DO - 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2009.06.002

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:68949162044

VL - 31

SP - 647

EP - 657

JO - Cement and Concrete Composites

JF - Cement and Concrete Composites

SN - 0958-9465

IS - 9

ER -