Mechanical integrity of a carbon nanotube/copper-based through-silicon via for 3D integrated circuits: A multi-scale modeling approach

Ibrahim Awad, Leila Ladani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carbon nanotube (CNT)/copper (Cu) composite material is proposed to replace Cu-based through-silicon vias (TSVs) in micro-electronic packages. The proposed material is believed to offer extraordinary mechanical and electrical properties and the presence of CNTs in Cu is believed to overcome issues associated with miniaturization of Cu interconnects, such as electromigration. This study introduces a multi-scale modeling of the proposed TSV in order to evaluate its mechanical integrity under mechanical and thermo-mechanical loading conditions. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation was used to determine CNT/Cu interface adhesion properties. A cohesive zone model (CZM) was found to be most appropriate to model the interface adhesion, and CZM parameters at the nanoscale were determined using MD simulation. CZM parameters were then used in the finite element analysis in order to understand the mechanical and thermo-mechanical behavior of composite TSV at micro-scale. From the results, CNT/Cu separation does not take place prior to plastic deformation of Cu in bending, and separation does not take place when standard thermal cycling is applied. Further investigation is recommended in order to alleviate the increased plastic deformation in Cu at the CNT/Cu interface in both loading conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number485705
JournalNanotechnology
Volume26
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 12 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 3D IC
  • carbon nanotubes
  • finite element analysis
  • interconnects
  • molecular dynamics
  • multi-scale modeling
  • through-silicon via

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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