Measuring the structure of expertise

Roger W. Schvaneveldt, Francis T. Durso, Timothy E. Goldsmith, Timothy J. Breen, Nancy M. Cooke, Richard G. Tucker, Joseph C. De Maio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

120 Scopus citations

Abstract

This report reviews work on defining and measuring conceptual structures of expert and novice fighter pilots. Individuals with widely varying expertise were tested. Cognitive structures were derived using multidimensional scaling (MDS) and link-weighted networks (Pathfinder). Experience differences among pilots were reflected in the conceptual structures. Detailed analyses of individual differences point to factors that distinguish experts and novices. Analysis of individual concepts identified areas of agreement and disagreement in the knowledge structures of experts and novices. Applications in selection, training and knowledge engineering are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)699-728
Number of pages30
JournalInternational Journal of Man-Machine Studies
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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    Schvaneveldt, R. W., Durso, F. T., Goldsmith, T. E., Breen, T. J., Cooke, N. M., Tucker, R. G., & De Maio, J. C. (1985). Measuring the structure of expertise. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 23(6), 699-728. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7373(85)80064-X