Measuring the structure of expertise

Roger W. Schvaneveldt, Francis T. Durso, Timothy E. Goldsmith, Timothy J. Breen, Nancy Cooke, Richard G. Tucker, Joseph C. De Maio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

117 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This report reviews work on defining and measuring conceptual structures of expert and novice fighter pilots. Individuals with widely varying expertise were tested. Cognitive structures were derived using multidimensional scaling (MDS) and link-weighted networks (Pathfinder). Experience differences among pilots were reflected in the conceptual structures. Detailed analyses of individual differences point to factors that distinguish experts and novices. Analysis of individual concepts identified areas of agreement and disagreement in the knowledge structures of experts and novices. Applications in selection, training and knowledge engineering are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)699-728
Number of pages30
JournalInternational Journal of Man-Machine Studies
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985
Externally publishedYes

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Knowledge engineering
expertise
expert
cognitive structure
multidimensional scaling
engineering
knowledge
experience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Schvaneveldt, R. W., Durso, F. T., Goldsmith, T. E., Breen, T. J., Cooke, N., Tucker, R. G., & De Maio, J. C. (1985). Measuring the structure of expertise. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 23(6), 699-728. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7373(85)80064-X

Measuring the structure of expertise. / Schvaneveldt, Roger W.; Durso, Francis T.; Goldsmith, Timothy E.; Breen, Timothy J.; Cooke, Nancy; Tucker, Richard G.; De Maio, Joseph C.

In: International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, Vol. 23, No. 6, 01.01.1985, p. 699-728.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schvaneveldt, RW, Durso, FT, Goldsmith, TE, Breen, TJ, Cooke, N, Tucker, RG & De Maio, JC 1985, 'Measuring the structure of expertise', International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 699-728. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7373(85)80064-X
Schvaneveldt RW, Durso FT, Goldsmith TE, Breen TJ, Cooke N, Tucker RG et al. Measuring the structure of expertise. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies. 1985 Jan 1;23(6):699-728. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7373(85)80064-X
Schvaneveldt, Roger W. ; Durso, Francis T. ; Goldsmith, Timothy E. ; Breen, Timothy J. ; Cooke, Nancy ; Tucker, Richard G. ; De Maio, Joseph C. / Measuring the structure of expertise. In: International Journal of Man-Machine Studies. 1985 ; Vol. 23, No. 6. pp. 699-728.
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