Measuring l2 lexical growth using hypernymic relationships

Scott Crossley, Tom Salsbury, Danielle McNamara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated second language (L2) lexical development in the spontaneous speech of six adult, L2 English learners in a 1-year longitudinal study. One important aspect of lexical development is lexical organization and depth of knowledge. Hypernymic relations, the hierarchical relationships among related words that vary in relation to their semantic specificity (e.g., Golden Retriever vs. dog vs. animal), are an important indicator of both lexical organization and depth of knowledge. Thus, this study used hypernymy values from the WordNet database and a lexical diversity measure to analyze lexical development. Statistical analyses in this study indicated that both hypernymic relations and lexical diversity in L2 learners increase over time. Additionally, lexical diversity and hypernymic values correlated significantly, suggesting that as learners' lexicons grow, learners have access to a wider range of hypernymy levels. These findings are discussed in relation to developing abstractness in language, extending hypernymic knowledge, and the growth of lexical networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-334
Number of pages28
JournalLanguage Learning
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

organization
language
Values
longitudinal study
animal
semantics
Lexical Development
Language
Lexical Organization
time
WordNet
Abstractness
Animals
Lexicon
Longitudinal Study
Specificity
L2 Learners
Data Base
Lexical Networks
Spontaneous Speech

Keywords

  • Computational linguistics
  • Corpus linguistics
  • Hypernymy
  • Hyponymy
  • Lexical diversity
  • Lexical networks
  • Subordinates
  • Superordinates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Linguistics and Language
  • Education
  • Language and Linguistics

Cite this

Measuring l2 lexical growth using hypernymic relationships. / Crossley, Scott; Salsbury, Tom; McNamara, Danielle.

In: Language Learning, Vol. 59, No. 2, 06.2009, p. 307-334.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crossley, Scott ; Salsbury, Tom ; McNamara, Danielle. / Measuring l2 lexical growth using hypernymic relationships. In: Language Learning. 2009 ; Vol. 59, No. 2. pp. 307-334.
@article{9268bb0cf9784d6987491ccb19efc08b,
title = "Measuring l2 lexical growth using hypernymic relationships",
abstract = "This study investigated second language (L2) lexical development in the spontaneous speech of six adult, L2 English learners in a 1-year longitudinal study. One important aspect of lexical development is lexical organization and depth of knowledge. Hypernymic relations, the hierarchical relationships among related words that vary in relation to their semantic specificity (e.g., Golden Retriever vs. dog vs. animal), are an important indicator of both lexical organization and depth of knowledge. Thus, this study used hypernymy values from the WordNet database and a lexical diversity measure to analyze lexical development. Statistical analyses in this study indicated that both hypernymic relations and lexical diversity in L2 learners increase over time. Additionally, lexical diversity and hypernymic values correlated significantly, suggesting that as learners' lexicons grow, learners have access to a wider range of hypernymy levels. These findings are discussed in relation to developing abstractness in language, extending hypernymic knowledge, and the growth of lexical networks.",
keywords = "Computational linguistics, Corpus linguistics, Hypernymy, Hyponymy, Lexical diversity, Lexical networks, Subordinates, Superordinates",
author = "Scott Crossley and Tom Salsbury and Danielle McNamara",
year = "2009",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1111/j.1467-9922.2009.00508.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "59",
pages = "307--334",
journal = "Language Learning",
issn = "0023-8333",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measuring l2 lexical growth using hypernymic relationships

AU - Crossley, Scott

AU - Salsbury, Tom

AU - McNamara, Danielle

PY - 2009/6

Y1 - 2009/6

N2 - This study investigated second language (L2) lexical development in the spontaneous speech of six adult, L2 English learners in a 1-year longitudinal study. One important aspect of lexical development is lexical organization and depth of knowledge. Hypernymic relations, the hierarchical relationships among related words that vary in relation to their semantic specificity (e.g., Golden Retriever vs. dog vs. animal), are an important indicator of both lexical organization and depth of knowledge. Thus, this study used hypernymy values from the WordNet database and a lexical diversity measure to analyze lexical development. Statistical analyses in this study indicated that both hypernymic relations and lexical diversity in L2 learners increase over time. Additionally, lexical diversity and hypernymic values correlated significantly, suggesting that as learners' lexicons grow, learners have access to a wider range of hypernymy levels. These findings are discussed in relation to developing abstractness in language, extending hypernymic knowledge, and the growth of lexical networks.

AB - This study investigated second language (L2) lexical development in the spontaneous speech of six adult, L2 English learners in a 1-year longitudinal study. One important aspect of lexical development is lexical organization and depth of knowledge. Hypernymic relations, the hierarchical relationships among related words that vary in relation to their semantic specificity (e.g., Golden Retriever vs. dog vs. animal), are an important indicator of both lexical organization and depth of knowledge. Thus, this study used hypernymy values from the WordNet database and a lexical diversity measure to analyze lexical development. Statistical analyses in this study indicated that both hypernymic relations and lexical diversity in L2 learners increase over time. Additionally, lexical diversity and hypernymic values correlated significantly, suggesting that as learners' lexicons grow, learners have access to a wider range of hypernymy levels. These findings are discussed in relation to developing abstractness in language, extending hypernymic knowledge, and the growth of lexical networks.

KW - Computational linguistics

KW - Corpus linguistics

KW - Hypernymy

KW - Hyponymy

KW - Lexical diversity

KW - Lexical networks

KW - Subordinates

KW - Superordinates

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=65649126781&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=65649126781&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1467-9922.2009.00508.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1467-9922.2009.00508.x

M3 - Article

VL - 59

SP - 307

EP - 334

JO - Language Learning

JF - Language Learning

SN - 0023-8333

IS - 2

ER -