Measuring gender composition in work groups: A comparison of existing methods

Helen M. Williams, Lindsey Mean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reviewing research on diversity and relational demography in teams and work groups, the authors compare different ways of measuring gender composition and demonstrate that existing practice can be theoretically biased. The authors conclude that within group-level analyses, the proportion of women should be used; whereas within individual-level analyses, the appropriate approach depends on whether a gender-by-gender composition interaction effect is found. The generalizability of this approach to other types of diversity is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)456-474
Number of pages19
JournalOrganizational Research Methods
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2004

Fingerprint

Chemical analysis
Work groups
Reviewing
Proportion
Relational demography
Interaction effects
Generalizability

Keywords

  • Composition
  • Dissimilarity
  • Diversity
  • Gender
  • Relational demography
  • Team
  • Trait
  • Workgroup

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Strategy and Management
  • Decision Sciences(all)

Cite this

Measuring gender composition in work groups : A comparison of existing methods. / Williams, Helen M.; Mean, Lindsey.

In: Organizational Research Methods, Vol. 7, No. 4, 10.2004, p. 456-474.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{dbbf44cbd8e5488aa2a65a0a17668030,
title = "Measuring gender composition in work groups: A comparison of existing methods",
abstract = "Reviewing research on diversity and relational demography in teams and work groups, the authors compare different ways of measuring gender composition and demonstrate that existing practice can be theoretically biased. The authors conclude that within group-level analyses, the proportion of women should be used; whereas within individual-level analyses, the appropriate approach depends on whether a gender-by-gender composition interaction effect is found. The generalizability of this approach to other types of diversity is also discussed.",
keywords = "Composition, Dissimilarity, Diversity, Gender, Relational demography, Team, Trait, Workgroup",
author = "Williams, {Helen M.} and Lindsey Mean",
year = "2004",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1177/1094428104269175",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
pages = "456--474",
journal = "Organizational Research Methods",
issn = "1094-4281",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measuring gender composition in work groups

T2 - A comparison of existing methods

AU - Williams, Helen M.

AU - Mean, Lindsey

PY - 2004/10

Y1 - 2004/10

N2 - Reviewing research on diversity and relational demography in teams and work groups, the authors compare different ways of measuring gender composition and demonstrate that existing practice can be theoretically biased. The authors conclude that within group-level analyses, the proportion of women should be used; whereas within individual-level analyses, the appropriate approach depends on whether a gender-by-gender composition interaction effect is found. The generalizability of this approach to other types of diversity is also discussed.

AB - Reviewing research on diversity and relational demography in teams and work groups, the authors compare different ways of measuring gender composition and demonstrate that existing practice can be theoretically biased. The authors conclude that within group-level analyses, the proportion of women should be used; whereas within individual-level analyses, the appropriate approach depends on whether a gender-by-gender composition interaction effect is found. The generalizability of this approach to other types of diversity is also discussed.

KW - Composition

KW - Dissimilarity

KW - Diversity

KW - Gender

KW - Relational demography

KW - Team

KW - Trait

KW - Workgroup

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=4944223847&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=4944223847&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1094428104269175

DO - 10.1177/1094428104269175

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:4944223847

VL - 7

SP - 456

EP - 474

JO - Organizational Research Methods

JF - Organizational Research Methods

SN - 1094-4281

IS - 4

ER -