Measuring Adolescent Violent Behavior Across Groups: Assessing Measurement Invariance of the Violent Behavior Checklist–Modified

Katie Stalker, Caroline B R Evans, Paul R. Smokowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Measures of violent behavior are often assumed to function identically across different groups (e.g., gender, race/ethnicity). However, failure to verify measurement invariance can lead to biased cross-group comparisons. The current study examines the measurement invariance of the Violent Behavior Checklist–Modified across genders and race/ethnicities. Using multiple group confirmatory factor analysis, configural and metric invariance are assessed in a sample of racially/ethnically diverse middle and high school students (N = 4,128) in two rural counties. Results indicate that the Violent Behavior Checklist–Modified has partial measurement invariance across genders and race/ethnicities. Specifically, four out of six items were non-invariant across genders, while one out of six items was non-invariant across race/ethnicities. Findings suggest that the latent factor of violence may be qualitatively different across males and females. Implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1087-1102
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume32
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • measurement invariance
  • rural
  • youth violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

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