Measurements of bottom-antibottom azimuthal production correlations in proton-antiproton collisions at s=1.8TeV

D. Acosta, T. Affolder, M. G. Albrow, D. Ambrose, D. Amidei, K. Anikeev, J. Antos, G. Apollinari, T. Arisawa, A. Artikov, W. Ashmanskas, F. Azfar, P. Azzi-Bacchetta, N. Bacchetta, H. Bachacou, W. Badgett, A. Barbaro-Galtieri, V. E. Barnes, B. A. Barnett, S. BaroiantM. Barone, G. Bauer, F. Bedeschi, S. Behari, S. Belforte, W. H. Bell, G. Bellettini, J. Bellinger, D. Benjamin, A. Beretvas, A. Bhatti, M. Binkley, D. Bisello, M. Bishai, R. E. Blair, C. Blocker, K. Bloom, B. Blumenfeld, A. Bocci, A. Bodek, G. Bolla, A. Bolshov, D. Bortoletto, J. Boudreau, C. Bromberg, E. Brubaker, J. Budagov, H. S. Budd, K. Burkett, G. Busetto, K. L. Byrum, S. Cabrera, M. Campbell, W. Carithers, D. Carlsmith, A. Castro, D. Cauz, A. Cerri, L. Cerrito, J. Chapman, C. Chen, Y. C. Chen, M. Chertok, G. Chiarelli, G. Chlachidze, F. Chlebana, M. L. Chu, J. Y. Chung, W. H. Chung, Y. S. Chung, C. I. Ciobanu, A. G. Clark, M. Coca, A. Connolly, M. Convery, J. Conway, M. Cordelli, J. Cranshaw, R. Culbertson, D. Dagenhart, S. D'Auria, P. De Barbaro, S. De Cecco, S. Dell'Agnello, M. Dell'Orso, S. Demers, L. Demortier, M. Deninno, D. De Pedis, P. F. Derwent, C. Dionisi, J. R. Dittmann, A. Dominguez, S. Donati, M. D'Onofrio, T. Dorigo, N. Eddy, R. Erbacher, D. Errede, S. Errede, R. Eusebi, S. Farrington, R. G. Feild, J. P. Fernandez, C. Ferretti, R. D. Field, I. Fiori, B. Flaugher, L. R. Flores-Castillo, G. W. Foster, M. Franklin, J. Friedman, I. Furic, M. Gallinaro, M. Garcia-Sciveres, A. F. Garfinkel, C. Gay, D. W. Gerdes, E. Gerstein, S. Giagu, P. Giannetti, K. Giolo, M. Giordani, P. Giromini, V. Glagolev, D. Glenzinski, M. Gold, N. Goldschmidt, J. Goldstein, G. Gomez, M. Goncharov, I. Gorelov, A. T. Goshaw, Y. Gotra, K. Goulianos, A. Gresele, C. Grosso-Pilcher, M. Guenther, J. Guimaraes Da Costa, C. Haber, S. R. Hahn, E. Halkiadakis, R. Handler, F. Happacher, K. Hara, R. M. Harris, F. Hartmann, K. Hatakeyama, J. Hauser, J. Heinrich, M. Hennecke, M. Herndon, C. Hill, A. Hocker, K. D. Hoffman, S. Hou, B. T. Huffman, R. Hughes, J. Huston, C. Issever, J. Incandela, G. Introzzi, M. Iori, A. Ivanov, Y. Iwata, B. Iyutin, E. James, M. Jones, T. Kamon, J. Kang, M. Karagoz Unel, S. Kartal, H. Kasha, Y. Kato, R. D. Kennedy, R. Kephart, B. Kilminster, D. H. Kim, H. S. Kim, M. J. Kim, S. B. Kim, S. H. Kim, T. H. Kim, Y. K. Kim, M. Kirby, L. Kirsch, S. Klimenko, P. Koehn, K. Kondo, J. Konigsberg, A. Korn, A. Korytov, J. Kroll, M. Kruse, V. Krutelyov, S. E. Kuhlmann, N. Kuznetsova, A. T. Laasanen, S. Lami, S. Lammel, J. Lancaster, K. Lannon, M. Lancaster, R. Lander, A. Lath, G. Latino, T. LeCompte, Y. Le, J. Lee, S. W. Lee, N. Leonardo, S. Leone, J. D. Lewis, K. Li, C. S. Lin, M. Lindgren, T. M. Liss, T. Liu, D. O. Litvintsev, N. S. Lockyer, A. Loginov, M. Loreti, D. Lucchesi, P. Lukens, L. Lyons, J. Lys, R. Madrak, K. Maeshima, P. Maksimovic, L. Malferrari, M. Mangano, G. Manca, M. Mariotti, M. Martin, A. Martin, V. Martin, M. Martínez, P. Mazzanti, K. S. McFarland, P. McIntyre, M. Menguzzato, A. Menzione, P. Merkel, C. Mesropian, A. Meyer, T. Miao, R. Miller, J. S. Miller, S. Miscetti, G. Mitselmakher, N. Moggi, R. Moore, T. Moulik, M. Mulhearn, A. Mukherjee, T. Muller, A. Munar, P. Murat, J. Nachtman, S. Nahn, I. Nakano, R. Napora, F. Niell, C. Nelson, T. Nelson, C. Neu, M. S. Neubauer, C. Newman-Holmes, T. Nigmanov, L. Nodulman, S. H. Oh, Y. D. Oh, T. Ohsugi, T. Okusawa, W. Orejudos, C. Pagliarone, F. Palmonari, R. Paoletti, V. Papadimitriou, J. Patrick, G. Pauletta, M. Paulini, T. Pauly, C. Paus, D. Pellett, A. Penzo, T. J. Phillips, G. Piacentino, J. Piedra, K. T. Pitts, A. Pompo, L. Pondrom, G. Pope, T. Pratt, F. Prokoshin, J. Proudfoot, F. Ptohos, O. Poukhov, G. Punzi, J. Rademacker, A. Rakitine, F. Ratnikov, H. Ray, A. Reichold, P. Renton, M. Rescigno, F. Rimondi, L. Ristori, W. J. Robertson, T. Rodrigo, S. Rolli, L. Rosenson, R. Roser, R. Rossin, C. Rott, A. Roy, A. Ruiz, D. Ryan, A. Safonov, R. St. Denis, W. K. Sakumoto, D. Saltzberg, C. Sanchez, A. Sansoni, L. Santi, S. Sarkar, P. Savard, A. Savoy-Navarro, P. Schlabach, E. E. Schmidt, M. P. Schmidt, M. Schmitt, L. Scodellaro, A. Scribano, A. Sedov, S. Seidel, Y. Seiya, A. Semenov, F. Semeria, M. D. Shapiro, P. F. Shepard, T. Shibayama, M. Shimojima, M. Shochet, A. Sidoti, A. Sill, P. Sinervo, A. J. Slaughter, K. Sliwa, F. D. Snider, R. Snihur, M. Spezziga, F. Spinella, M. Spiropulu, L. Spiegel, A. Stefanini, J. Strologas, D. Stuart, A. Sukhanov, K. Sumorok, T. Suzuki, R. Takashima, K. Takikawa, M. Tanaka, M. Tecchio, R. J. Tesarek, P. K. Teng, K. Terashi, S. Tether, J. Thom, A. S. Thompson, E. Thomson, P. Tipton, S. Tkaczyk, D. Toback, K. Tollefson, D. Tonelli, M. Tönnesmann, H. Toyoda, W. Trischuk, J. Tseng, D. Tsybychev, N. Turini, F. Ukegawa, T. Unverhau, T. Vaiciulis, A. Varganov, E. Vataga, S. Vejcik, G. Velev, G. Veramendi, R. Vidal, I. Vila, R. Vilar, I. Volobouev, M. Von Der Mey, R. G. Wagner, R. L. Wagner, W. Wagner, Z. Wan, C. Wang, M. J. Wang, S. M. Wang, B. Ward, S. Waschke, D. Waters, T. Watts, M. Weber, W. C. Wester, B. Whitehouse, A. B. Wicklund, E. Wicklund, H. H. Williams, P. Wilson, B. L. Winer, S. Wolbers, M. Wolter, S. Worm, X. Wu, F. Würthwein, U. K. Yang, W. Yao, G. P. Yeh, K. Yi, J. Yoh, T. Yoshida, I. Yu, S. Yu, J. C. Yun, L. Zanello, A. Zanetti, F. Zetti, S. Zucchelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have measured the azimuthal angular correlation of bb̄ production, using 86.5pb-1 of data collected by Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) in pp̄ collisions at s=1.8TeV during 1994-1995. In high-energy pp̄ collisions, such as at the Tevatron, bb̄ production can be schematically categorized into three mechanisms. The leading-order (LO) process is "flavor creation," where both b and b̄ quarks substantially participate in the hard scattering and result in a distinct back-to-back signal in final state. The "flavor excitation" and the "gluon splitting" processes, which appear at next-leading-order (NLO), are known to make a comparable contribution to total bb̄ cross section, while providing very different opening angle distributions from the LO process. An azimuthal opening angle between bottom and antibottom, Δ, has been used for the correlation measurement to probe the interaction creating bb̄ pairs. The Δ distribution has been obtained from two different methods. One method measures the Δ between bottom hadrons using events with two reconstructed secondary vertex tags. The other method uses bb̄→(J/ ψX)(X′) events, where the charged lepton () is an electron (e) or a muon (μ), to measure Δ between bottom quarks. The bb̄ purity is determined as a function of Δ by fitting the decay length of the J/ψ and the impact parameter of the. Both methods quantify the contribution from higher-order production mechanisms by the fraction of the bb̄ pairs produced in the same azimuthal hemisphere, ftoward. The measured ftoward values are consistent with both parton shower Monte Carlo and NLO QCD predictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number092001
Pages (from-to)1-39
Number of pages39
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume71
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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    Acosta, D., Affolder, T., Albrow, M. G., Ambrose, D., Amidei, D., Anikeev, K., Antos, J., Apollinari, G., Arisawa, T., Artikov, A., Ashmanskas, W., Azfar, F., Azzi-Bacchetta, P., Bacchetta, N., Bachacou, H., Badgett, W., Barbaro-Galtieri, A., Barnes, V. E., Barnett, B. A., ... Zucchelli, S. (2005). Measurements of bottom-antibottom azimuthal production correlations in proton-antiproton collisions at s=1.8TeV. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 71(9), 1-39. [092001]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.71.092001