Measurement of short-term exposure to airborne soluble platinum in the platinum industry

Andrew Maynard, C. Northage, M. Hemingway, S. D. Bradley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A number of cases of respiratory sensitization to soluble platinum have arisen in the U.K. over the last few years, despite measured 8 h TWA exposure levels below the current long-term exposure limit in most cases. One possible cause of sensitization may be as a result of high exposures over short periods. Short-term sampling has been hampered by inadequate sampling and analysis techniques. This investigation has used two types of personal inhalable sampler, with ICP-MS analysis, to take 15 min TWA soluble platinum exposure measurements at three sites. The lower detection limit for soluble platinum salts was approximately 0.01 μg m-3 for 15 min samples, allowing exposures two orders of magnitude below the exposure limit to be measured. It was found that the majority of short-term exposure levels were significantly below 0.006 mg m-3 No evidence was found for altered work practices during sampling, indicating that either sensitization is occurring at airborne exposure levels below the exposure limit, or there is an alternate route of exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-94
Number of pages18
JournalAnnals of Occupational Hygiene
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Platinum
Industry
Limit of Detection
Salts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Measurement of short-term exposure to airborne soluble platinum in the platinum industry. / Maynard, Andrew; Northage, C.; Hemingway, M.; Bradley, S. D.

In: Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Vol. 41, No. 1, 01.1997, p. 77-94.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Maynard, Andrew ; Northage, C. ; Hemingway, M. ; Bradley, S. D. / Measurement of short-term exposure to airborne soluble platinum in the platinum industry. In: Annals of Occupational Hygiene. 1997 ; Vol. 41, No. 1. pp. 77-94.
@article{1ca69c38bc0349aaaa3ec3b05e0f17d1,
title = "Measurement of short-term exposure to airborne soluble platinum in the platinum industry",
abstract = "A number of cases of respiratory sensitization to soluble platinum have arisen in the U.K. over the last few years, despite measured 8 h TWA exposure levels below the current long-term exposure limit in most cases. One possible cause of sensitization may be as a result of high exposures over short periods. Short-term sampling has been hampered by inadequate sampling and analysis techniques. This investigation has used two types of personal inhalable sampler, with ICP-MS analysis, to take 15 min TWA soluble platinum exposure measurements at three sites. The lower detection limit for soluble platinum salts was approximately 0.01 μg m-3 for 15 min samples, allowing exposures two orders of magnitude below the exposure limit to be measured. It was found that the majority of short-term exposure levels were significantly below 0.006 mg m-3 No evidence was found for altered work practices during sampling, indicating that either sensitization is occurring at airborne exposure levels below the exposure limit, or there is an alternate route of exposure.",
author = "Andrew Maynard and C. Northage and M. Hemingway and Bradley, {S. D.}",
year = "1997",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0003-4878(96)00026-9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "41",
pages = "77--94",
journal = "Annals of Work Exposures and Health",
issn = "2398-7308",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of short-term exposure to airborne soluble platinum in the platinum industry

AU - Maynard, Andrew

AU - Northage, C.

AU - Hemingway, M.

AU - Bradley, S. D.

PY - 1997/1

Y1 - 1997/1

N2 - A number of cases of respiratory sensitization to soluble platinum have arisen in the U.K. over the last few years, despite measured 8 h TWA exposure levels below the current long-term exposure limit in most cases. One possible cause of sensitization may be as a result of high exposures over short periods. Short-term sampling has been hampered by inadequate sampling and analysis techniques. This investigation has used two types of personal inhalable sampler, with ICP-MS analysis, to take 15 min TWA soluble platinum exposure measurements at three sites. The lower detection limit for soluble platinum salts was approximately 0.01 μg m-3 for 15 min samples, allowing exposures two orders of magnitude below the exposure limit to be measured. It was found that the majority of short-term exposure levels were significantly below 0.006 mg m-3 No evidence was found for altered work practices during sampling, indicating that either sensitization is occurring at airborne exposure levels below the exposure limit, or there is an alternate route of exposure.

AB - A number of cases of respiratory sensitization to soluble platinum have arisen in the U.K. over the last few years, despite measured 8 h TWA exposure levels below the current long-term exposure limit in most cases. One possible cause of sensitization may be as a result of high exposures over short periods. Short-term sampling has been hampered by inadequate sampling and analysis techniques. This investigation has used two types of personal inhalable sampler, with ICP-MS analysis, to take 15 min TWA soluble platinum exposure measurements at three sites. The lower detection limit for soluble platinum salts was approximately 0.01 μg m-3 for 15 min samples, allowing exposures two orders of magnitude below the exposure limit to be measured. It was found that the majority of short-term exposure levels were significantly below 0.006 mg m-3 No evidence was found for altered work practices during sampling, indicating that either sensitization is occurring at airborne exposure levels below the exposure limit, or there is an alternate route of exposure.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031050323&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031050323&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0003-4878(96)00026-9

DO - 10.1016/S0003-4878(96)00026-9

M3 - Article

C2 - 9072952

AN - SCOPUS:0031050323

VL - 41

SP - 77

EP - 94

JO - Annals of Work Exposures and Health

JF - Annals of Work Exposures and Health

SN - 2398-7308

IS - 1

ER -