Means and Ends: A Theory Framework for Understanding Entrepreneurship in the US Arts and Culture Sector

Linda Essig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article provides a framework for the conceptualization of arts entrepreneurship in the US by first examining a range of perspectives on the boundaries of the "arts and culture sector" in the US and then exploring in some depth four theories of entrepreneurship and how such theories may be realized within the arts and culture sector. Theories of firm formation are considered both generally and as potentially applied to the arts and culture sector, with examples of firm formation drawn both from existing literature and the author's direct observation of entrepreneurial activity. Finally, the essay connects these theories in a means and ends framework to provide a context for understanding arts entrepreneurial activity, especially in the US arts and culture sector. The theory that emerges from the examples provided to illustrate the framework is a simple one: artists form firms or otherwise undertake entrepreneurial action toward the end of creating art sustainably and they do so by discovering or creating new connections between their means and that desirable end.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-246
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Arts Management Law and Society
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2015

Keywords

  • arts and culture sector
  • arts entrepreneurship
  • creative industries
  • firm formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • Law
  • Strategy and Management

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