### Abstract

We consider the problem of stabilizing a swarm of agents to a target probability distribution among a set of states, given that the agents' states evolve according to an interacting system of continuous time Markov chains (CTMCs). We construct a class of density-feedback laws, i.e., control laws that are functions of the swarm population density, that achieve this objective provided that the graph associated with the CTMCs is strongly connected. To execute these control laws, each agent only requires information on the population fraction of agents that are in its current state. Additionally, the control laws ensure that there are no state transitions by agents at equilibrium, which is a known drawback of stabilization using time- and density-independent control laws. We guarantee global asymptotic stability of the equilibrium distribution by analyzing the corresponding mean-field model. The fact that any probability distribution can be globally stabilized is a significant extension of previous mean-field based approaches that control swarms of agents using time-invariant control laws, which require the equilibrium distribution to have a strongly connected support. To admit feedback laws that take values only on a discrete set, we consider control laws that can be discontinuous functions of the agent densities. We validate the control laws using stochastic simulations of the CTMC model and numerical simulations of the mean-field model.

Original language | English (US) |
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Title of host publication | 2018 Annual American Control Conference, ACC 2018 |

Publisher | Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. |

Pages | 885-892 |

Number of pages | 8 |

Volume | 2018-June |

ISBN (Print) | 9781538654286 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Aug 9 2018 |

Event | 2018 Annual American Control Conference, ACC 2018 - Milwauke, United States Duration: Jun 27 2018 → Jun 29 2018 |

### Other

Other | 2018 Annual American Control Conference, ACC 2018 |
---|---|

Country | United States |

City | Milwauke |

Period | 6/27/18 → 6/29/18 |

### Fingerprint

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Electrical and Electronic Engineering

### Cite this

*2018 Annual American Control Conference, ACC 2018*(Vol. 2018-June, pp. 885-892). [8431780] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.23919/ACC.2018.8431780

**Mean-Field Stabilization of Robotic Swarms to Probability Distributions with Disconnected Supports.** / Elamvazhuthi, Karthik; Biswal, Shiba; Berman, Spring.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Conference contribution

*2018 Annual American Control Conference, ACC 2018.*vol. 2018-June, 8431780, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 885-892, 2018 Annual American Control Conference, ACC 2018, Milwauke, United States, 6/27/18. https://doi.org/10.23919/ACC.2018.8431780

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Mean-Field Stabilization of Robotic Swarms to Probability Distributions with Disconnected Supports

AU - Elamvazhuthi, Karthik

AU - Biswal, Shiba

AU - Berman, Spring

PY - 2018/8/9

Y1 - 2018/8/9

N2 - We consider the problem of stabilizing a swarm of agents to a target probability distribution among a set of states, given that the agents' states evolve according to an interacting system of continuous time Markov chains (CTMCs). We construct a class of density-feedback laws, i.e., control laws that are functions of the swarm population density, that achieve this objective provided that the graph associated with the CTMCs is strongly connected. To execute these control laws, each agent only requires information on the population fraction of agents that are in its current state. Additionally, the control laws ensure that there are no state transitions by agents at equilibrium, which is a known drawback of stabilization using time- and density-independent control laws. We guarantee global asymptotic stability of the equilibrium distribution by analyzing the corresponding mean-field model. The fact that any probability distribution can be globally stabilized is a significant extension of previous mean-field based approaches that control swarms of agents using time-invariant control laws, which require the equilibrium distribution to have a strongly connected support. To admit feedback laws that take values only on a discrete set, we consider control laws that can be discontinuous functions of the agent densities. We validate the control laws using stochastic simulations of the CTMC model and numerical simulations of the mean-field model.

AB - We consider the problem of stabilizing a swarm of agents to a target probability distribution among a set of states, given that the agents' states evolve according to an interacting system of continuous time Markov chains (CTMCs). We construct a class of density-feedback laws, i.e., control laws that are functions of the swarm population density, that achieve this objective provided that the graph associated with the CTMCs is strongly connected. To execute these control laws, each agent only requires information on the population fraction of agents that are in its current state. Additionally, the control laws ensure that there are no state transitions by agents at equilibrium, which is a known drawback of stabilization using time- and density-independent control laws. We guarantee global asymptotic stability of the equilibrium distribution by analyzing the corresponding mean-field model. The fact that any probability distribution can be globally stabilized is a significant extension of previous mean-field based approaches that control swarms of agents using time-invariant control laws, which require the equilibrium distribution to have a strongly connected support. To admit feedback laws that take values only on a discrete set, we consider control laws that can be discontinuous functions of the agent densities. We validate the control laws using stochastic simulations of the CTMC model and numerical simulations of the mean-field model.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052601393&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85052601393&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.23919/ACC.2018.8431780

DO - 10.23919/ACC.2018.8431780

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85052601393

SN - 9781538654286

VL - 2018-June

SP - 885

EP - 892

BT - 2018 Annual American Control Conference, ACC 2018

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

ER -