Matrix and mnemonic text-processing adjuncts: Comparing and combining their components

Robert Atkinson, Joel R. Levin, Laura Ann Atkinson, Kenneth A. Kiewra, Tom Meyers, Sung Il Kim, Willy A. Renandya, Yooyeun Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The comparative text-processing benefits of matrix structures, mnemonic representations, and their combination were examined in 3 experiments (1 with college students, 2 with 5th graders). The study's major findings permit the following conclusions: First, contrary to previous research on the topic, 2-dimensional matrices (whether in a verbal or pictorial format) produced only limited positive effects on students' text-learning performance, relative to either corresponding linear outlines or text alone. Second, and in contrast, appropriate mnemonic representations (whether individually presented or embedded in a matrix) did prove to be highly effective text-learning facilitators of students' memory and application in both individual- and group-testing situations, both immediately following instruction and on 1-week delayed tests. Third, relatively little advantage of the mnemonic matrix over individual mnemonic representations was detected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)342-357
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Educational Psychology
Volume91
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1999
Externally publishedYes

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learning performance
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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Atkinson, R., Levin, J. R., Atkinson, L. A., Kiewra, K. A., Meyers, T., Kim, S. I., ... Hwang, Y. (1999). Matrix and mnemonic text-processing adjuncts: Comparing and combining their components. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91(2), 342-357.

Matrix and mnemonic text-processing adjuncts : Comparing and combining their components. / Atkinson, Robert; Levin, Joel R.; Atkinson, Laura Ann; Kiewra, Kenneth A.; Meyers, Tom; Kim, Sung Il; Renandya, Willy A.; Hwang, Yooyeun.

In: Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 91, No. 2, 06.1999, p. 342-357.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Atkinson, R, Levin, JR, Atkinson, LA, Kiewra, KA, Meyers, T, Kim, SI, Renandya, WA & Hwang, Y 1999, 'Matrix and mnemonic text-processing adjuncts: Comparing and combining their components', Journal of Educational Psychology, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 342-357.
Atkinson R, Levin JR, Atkinson LA, Kiewra KA, Meyers T, Kim SI et al. Matrix and mnemonic text-processing adjuncts: Comparing and combining their components. Journal of Educational Psychology. 1999 Jun;91(2):342-357.
Atkinson, Robert ; Levin, Joel R. ; Atkinson, Laura Ann ; Kiewra, Kenneth A. ; Meyers, Tom ; Kim, Sung Il ; Renandya, Willy A. ; Hwang, Yooyeun. / Matrix and mnemonic text-processing adjuncts : Comparing and combining their components. In: Journal of Educational Psychology. 1999 ; Vol. 91, No. 2. pp. 342-357.
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