Maternal IQ, the Home Environment, and Child IQ in Low Birthweight, Premature Children

Robert Bradley, Leanne Whiteside, Bettye M. Caldwell, Patrick H. Casey, Kelly Kelleher, Sandra Pope, Mark Swanson, Kathleen Barrett, David Cross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study examined the extent to which aspects of the home environment play a mediating role in the relation between maternal and child IQ. The procedure of establishing mediation developed by Baron and Kenny was followed using 608 low birthweight, premature infants from eight different sites. Regression analyses indicated that both maternal IQ and Infant/ Toddler HOME scores obtained at 12 months made significant contributions to 3 year child IQ scores. Maternal IQ and Early Childhood HOME scores obtained at 36 months also both made significant contributions to 3 year child IQ scores. There was a significant “indirect” or mediated affect associated with HOME scores at both time points. Structural equation models were used to confirm information developed in the regression analyses. The fit of the model was good for the total sample and for a sample of children and mothers whose IQs were both greater than 70. A stronger indirect effect was noted at three years as compared to one year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-74
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Development
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

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Mothers
Regression Analysis
infant
Structural Models
regression
Premature Infants
structural model
mediation
childhood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Maternal IQ, the Home Environment, and Child IQ in Low Birthweight, Premature Children. / Bradley, Robert; Whiteside, Leanne; Caldwell, Bettye M.; Casey, Patrick H.; Kelleher, Kelly; Pope, Sandra; Swanson, Mark; Barrett, Kathleen; Cross, David.

In: International Journal of Behavioral Development, Vol. 16, No. 1, 1993, p. 61-74.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bradley, R, Whiteside, L, Caldwell, BM, Casey, PH, Kelleher, K, Pope, S, Swanson, M, Barrett, K & Cross, D 1993, 'Maternal IQ, the Home Environment, and Child IQ in Low Birthweight, Premature Children', International Journal of Behavioral Development, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 61-74. https://doi.org/10.1177/016502549301600104
Bradley, Robert ; Whiteside, Leanne ; Caldwell, Bettye M. ; Casey, Patrick H. ; Kelleher, Kelly ; Pope, Sandra ; Swanson, Mark ; Barrett, Kathleen ; Cross, David. / Maternal IQ, the Home Environment, and Child IQ in Low Birthweight, Premature Children. In: International Journal of Behavioral Development. 1993 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 61-74.
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