Maternal effects of carotenoid supplementation in an ornamented cichlid fish

Alexandria C. Brown, Heather M. Leonard, Kevin McGraw, Ethan D. Clotfelter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Summary: Carotenoid-ornamented animals may transfer dietary carotenoid pigments to offspring as well as to their ornament and other competing physiological demands. If carotenoid supplementation increases offspring growth or survival, females should preferentially allocate supplemental carotenoids to offspring rather than ornamentation. We tested whether ornamented convict cichlid (Amatitlania siquia) mothers increase carotenoid allocation to eggs with access to dietary carotenoid supplementation, and whether beneficial maternal effects of carotenoid supplementation were transferred to offspring. Maternal effects of carotenoid supplementation were found; offspring from mothers that ate carotenoids benefited in terms of growth and survival parameters compared with offspring from non-supplemented mothers. Contrary to predictions, maternal coloration was not sacrificed for fecundity: mothers maintained their coloration and integument carotenoids even though increased carotenoids in the maternal diet benefited the offspring. Furthermore, carotenoid supplementation did not increase the carotenoids deposited in eggs. This work is the first to show that indirect maternal effects of carotenoid supplementation increased the survival and growth of offspring. Indirect benefits may reduce the cost of carotenoid allocation to offspring, but the mechanism for how carotenoids support offspring development is still unknown.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)612-620
Number of pages9
JournalFunctional Ecology
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

maternal effect
cichlid
carotenoid
carotenoids
fish
Amatitlania
Amatitlania nigrofasciata
egg
maternal nutrition
color
ornamentation
integument

Keywords

  • Amatitlania siquia
  • Carotenoids
  • Diet
  • Dimorphism
  • Maternal effects
  • Offspring fitness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Maternal effects of carotenoid supplementation in an ornamented cichlid fish. / Brown, Alexandria C.; Leonard, Heather M.; McGraw, Kevin; Clotfelter, Ethan D.

In: Functional Ecology, Vol. 28, No. 3, 2014, p. 612-620.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brown, Alexandria C. ; Leonard, Heather M. ; McGraw, Kevin ; Clotfelter, Ethan D. / Maternal effects of carotenoid supplementation in an ornamented cichlid fish. In: Functional Ecology. 2014 ; Vol. 28, No. 3. pp. 612-620.
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