Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE)

M. Hecht, J. Hoffman, D. Rapp, J. McClean, J. SooHoo, R. Schaefer, A. Aboobaker, J. Mellstrom, J. Hartvigsen, F. Meyen, E. Hinterman, G. Voecks, A. Liu, M. Nasr, J. Lewis, J. Johnson, C. Guernsey, J. Swoboda, C. Eckert, C. AlcaldeM. Poirier, P. Khopkar, S. Elangovan, M. Madsen, P. Smith, C. Graves, G. Sanders, K. Araghi, M. de la Torre Juarez, D. Larsen, J. Agui, A. Burns, K. Lackner, R. Nielsen, T. Pike, B. Tata, K. Wilson, T. Brown, T. Disarro, R. Morris, R. Schaefer, R. Steinkraus, R. Surampudi, T. Werne, A. Ponce

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

MOXIE is a technology demonstration that addresses the Mars 2020 (Perseverance) objective of preparing for future human exploration by demonstrating In Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) in the form of dissociating atmospheric CO2 into O2. The primary goals of the MOXIE project are to verify and validate the technology of Mars ISRU as a springboard for the future, and to establish achievable performance requirements and design approaches that will lead to a full-scale ISRU system based on MOXIE technology. MOXIE has three top-level requirements: to be capable of producing at least 6 g/hr of oxygen in the context of the Mars 2020 mission (assuming atmospheric intake at 5 Torr, typical of Jezero Crater, and 0∘C, typical of the rover interior); to produce oxygen with > 98 % purity; and to meet these first two requirements for at least 10 operational cycles after delivery. Since MOXIE is expected to operate in all seasons and at all times of day and night on Mars, these requirements are intended to be satisfied under worst-case environmental conditions, including during a dust storm, if possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9
JournalSpace Science Reviews
Volume217
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ISRU
  • In-situ resource utilization
  • MOXIE
  • Mars 2020
  • Mars atmosphere
  • Oxygen production on Mars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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