4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diversity is generally valued, although it sometimes contributes to difficult social situations, as is recognized in recent social science literature. Archaeology can provide insights into how diverse social situations play out over the long term. There are many kinds of diversities, and we propose representational diversity as a distinct category. Representational diversity specifically concerns how and whether differences are marked or masked materially. We investigate several archaeological sequences in the U.S. Southwest. Each began with the coming together of populations that created situations of unprecedented social diversity; some resulted in conflict, others in long-term stability. We trace how representational diversity changed through these sequences. Specifically, we review the transregional Kayenta migration to the southern Southwest and focus empirical analyses on regional processes in the Cibola region and on painted ceramics. Results show that, initially, representational diversity increased above and beyond that caused by the combination of previously separate traditions as people marked their differences. Subsequently, in some instances, the diversity was replaced by widespread homogeneity as the differences were masked and mitigated. Although the social causes and effects of diversity are many and varied, long-term stability and persistence is associated with tolerance of a range of diversities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-272
Number of pages20
JournalAmerican Antiquity
Volume81
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Fingerprint

social situation
US Southwest
tolerance
archaeology
persistence
social science
migration
cause
Social Situation
homogeneity
literature
Southwest
Causes
Social Sciences
Persistence
Tolerance
Archaeological Sequence
Homogeneity
Archaeology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • History
  • Archaeology
  • Museology

Cite this

Marking and making differences : Representational diversity in the U.S. Southwest. / Hegmon, Michelle; Freeman, Jacob; Kintigh, Keith; Nelson, Margaret; Oas, Sarah; Peeples, Matthew; Torvinen, Andrea.

In: American Antiquity, Vol. 81, No. 2, 01.04.2016, p. 253-272.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hegmon, Michelle ; Freeman, Jacob ; Kintigh, Keith ; Nelson, Margaret ; Oas, Sarah ; Peeples, Matthew ; Torvinen, Andrea. / Marking and making differences : Representational diversity in the U.S. Southwest. In: American Antiquity. 2016 ; Vol. 81, No. 2. pp. 253-272.
@article{52a4bb63055741fcb46cc4ee32d0323f,
title = "Marking and making differences: Representational diversity in the U.S. Southwest",
abstract = "Diversity is generally valued, although it sometimes contributes to difficult social situations, as is recognized in recent social science literature. Archaeology can provide insights into how diverse social situations play out over the long term. There are many kinds of diversities, and we propose representational diversity as a distinct category. Representational diversity specifically concerns how and whether differences are marked or masked materially. We investigate several archaeological sequences in the U.S. Southwest. Each began with the coming together of populations that created situations of unprecedented social diversity; some resulted in conflict, others in long-term stability. We trace how representational diversity changed through these sequences. Specifically, we review the transregional Kayenta migration to the southern Southwest and focus empirical analyses on regional processes in the Cibola region and on painted ceramics. Results show that, initially, representational diversity increased above and beyond that caused by the combination of previously separate traditions as people marked their differences. Subsequently, in some instances, the diversity was replaced by widespread homogeneity as the differences were masked and mitigated. Although the social causes and effects of diversity are many and varied, long-term stability and persistence is associated with tolerance of a range of diversities.",
author = "Michelle Hegmon and Jacob Freeman and Keith Kintigh and Margaret Nelson and Sarah Oas and Matthew Peeples and Andrea Torvinen",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.7183/0002-7316.81.2.253",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "81",
pages = "253--272",
journal = "American Antiquity",
issn = "0002-7316",
publisher = "Society for American Archaeology",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Marking and making differences

T2 - Representational diversity in the U.S. Southwest

AU - Hegmon, Michelle

AU - Freeman, Jacob

AU - Kintigh, Keith

AU - Nelson, Margaret

AU - Oas, Sarah

AU - Peeples, Matthew

AU - Torvinen, Andrea

PY - 2016/4/1

Y1 - 2016/4/1

N2 - Diversity is generally valued, although it sometimes contributes to difficult social situations, as is recognized in recent social science literature. Archaeology can provide insights into how diverse social situations play out over the long term. There are many kinds of diversities, and we propose representational diversity as a distinct category. Representational diversity specifically concerns how and whether differences are marked or masked materially. We investigate several archaeological sequences in the U.S. Southwest. Each began with the coming together of populations that created situations of unprecedented social diversity; some resulted in conflict, others in long-term stability. We trace how representational diversity changed through these sequences. Specifically, we review the transregional Kayenta migration to the southern Southwest and focus empirical analyses on regional processes in the Cibola region and on painted ceramics. Results show that, initially, representational diversity increased above and beyond that caused by the combination of previously separate traditions as people marked their differences. Subsequently, in some instances, the diversity was replaced by widespread homogeneity as the differences were masked and mitigated. Although the social causes and effects of diversity are many and varied, long-term stability and persistence is associated with tolerance of a range of diversities.

AB - Diversity is generally valued, although it sometimes contributes to difficult social situations, as is recognized in recent social science literature. Archaeology can provide insights into how diverse social situations play out over the long term. There are many kinds of diversities, and we propose representational diversity as a distinct category. Representational diversity specifically concerns how and whether differences are marked or masked materially. We investigate several archaeological sequences in the U.S. Southwest. Each began with the coming together of populations that created situations of unprecedented social diversity; some resulted in conflict, others in long-term stability. We trace how representational diversity changed through these sequences. Specifically, we review the transregional Kayenta migration to the southern Southwest and focus empirical analyses on regional processes in the Cibola region and on painted ceramics. Results show that, initially, representational diversity increased above and beyond that caused by the combination of previously separate traditions as people marked their differences. Subsequently, in some instances, the diversity was replaced by widespread homogeneity as the differences were masked and mitigated. Although the social causes and effects of diversity are many and varied, long-term stability and persistence is associated with tolerance of a range of diversities.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84977263440&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84977263440&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.7183/0002-7316.81.2.253

DO - 10.7183/0002-7316.81.2.253

M3 - Article

VL - 81

SP - 253

EP - 272

JO - American Antiquity

JF - American Antiquity

SN - 0002-7316

IS - 2

ER -