Association with the D′D3 domain of von Willebrand factor (VWF) stabilizes factor VIII (FVIII) in the circulation and maintains it at a level sufficient to prevent spontaneous bleeding. We used negative-stain electron microscopy (EM) to visualize complexes of FVIII with dimeric and monomeric forms of the D′9D3 domain. The EM averages show that FVIII interacts with the D′D3 domain primarily through its C1 domain, with the C2 domain providing a secondary attachment site. Hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry corroborated the importance of the C1 domain in D′D3 binding and implicates additional surface regions on FVIII in the interaction. Together, our results establish that the C1 domain is the major binding site on FVIII for VWF, reiterate the importance of the a3 acidic peptide in VWF binding, and suggest that the A3 and C2 domains play ancillary roles in this interaction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology