Mapping ancient chinampa landscapes in the Basin of Mexico: A remote sensing and GIS approach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper uses remote sensing data to document a raised field, chinampa system adjacent to the Postclassic kingdom of Xaltocan in the northern Basin of Mexico. Various forms of landscape information; historic records and maps as well as remote sensing; are considered to understand the chinampa system. The remote sensing data examined include 1950s aerial photographs, Landsat 7 data, and Quickbird VHR, multi-spectral imagery. This article evaluates the utility of each of these forms of data to identify buried chinampa features and integrates them in a GIS to produce a map of Xaltocan's chinampa landscape. Canals of various sizes and hydrological positions comprised the chinampas and integrated the system together. Occupying at least 1500-2000 ha, Xaltocan's chinampa system represents the largest pre-Aztec, chinampa system in the Basin of Mexico.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2541-2551
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Volume39
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Geographical Information System
Mexico
Remote Sensing

Keywords

  • Agriculture
  • Basin of Mexico
  • Chinampas
  • Landscape archaeology
  • Remote sensing
  • Satellite imagery
  • Xaltocan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Mapping ancient chinampa landscapes in the Basin of Mexico : A remote sensing and GIS approach. / Morehart, Christopher.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 39, No. 7, 07.2012, p. 2541-2551.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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