Managing employee withdrawal during organizational change: The role of threat appraisal

Mel Fugate, Gregory E. Prussia, Angelo J. Kinicki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

131 Scopus citations


This article examines antecedents and consequences of employees' threat appraisal during organizational change. Positive change orientation and change-related fairness are examined as antecedents of threat appraisal and multiple forms of employee withdrawal as outcomes (intentions to quit, voluntary turnover, and absenteeism). Structural equation results show negative relationships between threat appraisals and positive change orientation (change self-efficacy, positive attitudes toward change, and perceived control of changes) and change-related fairness (distributive, procedural, and interactive). Threat appraisals are positively related to absenteeism and intentions to quit, which predict voluntary turnover. Threat appraisals have differential intervening effects on relationships between the antecedents and outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)890-914
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Management
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2012


  • Cognitive appraisal
  • Employee withdrawal and turnover
  • Justice
  • Organizational change
  • Positive change orientation
  • Positive organizational behavior
  • Threat appraisal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Strategy and Management


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