Male mate-locating behavior in Euphydryas chalcedona (Lepidoptera

Nymphalidae) related to pupation site preferences

Ronald L. Rutowski, George W. Gilchrist, Barbara Terkanian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Males of the checkerspot butterfly (Euphydryas chalcedona)patrol and perch near but not on the larval foodplant in search of females. Experiments with tethered butterflies show that searching males chase virgin females for longer times than they do mated females or males. The larvae leave the larval food-plant to pupate. The correspondence between the distance from the larval foodplant to pupation sites and where males search for females suggests that male mate-locating behavior has evolved to maximize the rate of encounters with newly emerged, virgin females. These conclusions are compared to a recent analysis of butterfly mating systems by Odendaal et al. (Am. Nat.125: 673-678, 1985).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-289
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Insect Behavior
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1988

Fingerprint

Euphydryas
pupation
Nymphalidae
Lepidoptera
butterfly
butterflies
virgin females
perch
food plants
mating systems
reproductive strategy
larva
food
larvae

Keywords

  • butterfly
  • Euphydryas chalcedona
  • Lepidoptera
  • mate-locating behavior
  • pupation sites
  • sexual discrimination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Male mate-locating behavior in Euphydryas chalcedona (Lepidoptera : Nymphalidae) related to pupation site preferences. / Rutowski, Ronald L.; Gilchrist, George W.; Terkanian, Barbara.

In: Journal of Insect Behavior, Vol. 1, No. 3, 07.1988, p. 277-289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rutowski, Ronald L. ; Gilchrist, George W. ; Terkanian, Barbara. / Male mate-locating behavior in Euphydryas chalcedona (Lepidoptera : Nymphalidae) related to pupation site preferences. In: Journal of Insect Behavior. 1988 ; Vol. 1, No. 3. pp. 277-289.
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