Magnetoadsorptive particles enabling the centrifugation-free, preparative-scale separation, and sorting of single-walled carbon nanotubes

Thomas P. McNicholas, Victor Cantu, Andrew J. Hilmer, Kevin Tvrdy, Rishabh Jain, Rebecca Han, Darin Bellisario, Jiyoung Ahn, Paul W. Barone, Bin Mu, Michael S. Strano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel magnetic composition of the high surface area particles with amide chemical functionality, Sephacryl S-200, is reported enabling the preparative-scale (1 L, ≈5-10 mg) separation of metallic and semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) from completely unpurified and uncentrifuged nanotube stocks. Sephacryl S-200 has previously been utilized in separating semiconducting SWNT (s-SWNT) on the laboratory scale. Significantly, use of these magnetic derivative particles in absorptive separation of SWNT allows the unprecedented and industrially scalable purification of both metallic SWNT (m-SWNT) as well as s-SWNT directly from uncentrifuged, ultrasonicated surfactant-based SWNT solutions by simple and scalable magnetic separation. These particles also allowed for the systematic study on the effect of SWNT-polymer interaction time on the resulting SWNT "payloads." Ultimately, high-purity m-SWNT and s-SWNT products are independently achieved by controlling the SWNT-polymer interaction time and relative concentrations, as well as SWNT sonication conditions. Furthermore, by controlling these factors, single-chirality (6,5) s-SWNT can be isolated with 92% purity directly from unpurified stocks. Thermogravimetric analysis indicates a total process SWNT yield of 1.2% and 1.7% for m-SWNT and s-SWNT, respectively. These results demonstrate the potential for a preparative method for separating carbon nanotubes based on electronic properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1097-1104
Number of pages8
JournalParticle and Particle Systems Characterization
Volume31
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    McNicholas, T. P., Cantu, V., Hilmer, A. J., Tvrdy, K., Jain, R., Han, R., Bellisario, D., Ahn, J., Barone, P. W., Mu, B., & Strano, M. S. (2014). Magnetoadsorptive particles enabling the centrifugation-free, preparative-scale separation, and sorting of single-walled carbon nanotubes. Particle and Particle Systems Characterization, 31(10), 1097-1104. https://doi.org/10.1002/ppsc.201400072