Macronutrient modifications of optimal foraging theory: An approach using indifference curves applied to some modern foragers

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61 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of energy (calories) as the currency to be maximized per unit time in Optimal Foraging Models is considered in light of data on several foraging groups. Observations on the Ache, Cuiva, and Yora foragers suggest men do not attempt to maximize energetic return rates, but instead often concentrate on acquiring meat resources which provide lower energetic returns. The possibility that this preference is due to the macronutrient composition of hunted and gathered foods is explored. Indifference curves are introduced as a means of modeling the tradeoff between two desirable commodities, meat (protein-lipid) and carbohydrate, and a specific indifference curve is derived using observed choices in five foraging situatiuons. This curve is used to predict the amount o meat that Mbuti foragers will trade for carbohydrate, in an attempt to test the utility of the approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-197
Number of pages41
JournalHuman Ecology
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1988

Keywords

  • South America
  • foraging theory
  • hunter-gatherers
  • nutrients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

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