Lyα luminosity functions at redshift z ≈ 4.5

Zhen Ya Zheng, Steven L. Finkelstein, Keely Finkelstein, Vithal Tilvi, James E. Rhoads, Sangeeta Malhotra, Jun Xian Wang, Neal Miller, Pascale Hibon, Lifang Xia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a spectroscopically confirmed sample of Lyman α emitting galaxies (LAEs) at z ~ 4.5 in the Extended Chandra Deep Field-South (ECDFS), which we combine with a sample of z ~ 4.5 LAEs from previous narrow-band surveys from the Large Area Lyman Alpha (LALA) survey to build a unified Lyα luminosity function. We spectroscopically observed 64 candidate LAEs in the ECDFS, confirming 46 objects as z ~ 4.5 LAEs based on single-line detections with no continuum emission bluewards of the line, resulting in a Lyα confirmation rate of ~70 per cent. We did not detect significant flux from neither the CIV λ1549Å emission line nor the He II λ1640Å emission line in individual LAE spectra. These lines were also undetected in a co-added spectrum, with the co-added line ratio of He II to Lyα constraining the Population III star formation rate (SFR) to be<0.3 per cent of the total SFR and<1.25 per cent of the observed SFR (both at the 2σ level). We combine the optical spectra with deep X-ray and radio images to constrain the AGN fraction in the sample. Only LAE was detected in both the X-ray and radio, while the other objects remained undetected, even when stacked. The Lyα luminosity functions in our two deepest narrow-band filters in the ECDFS differ at greater than 2σ significance, and the product L*Φ* differs by a factor of >3. Similar luminosity function differences have been used to infer evolution in the neutral gas fraction in the intergalactic medium at z > 6, yet here the difference is likely due to cosmic variance, given that the two samples are from adjoining line-of-sight volumes. Combining our new sample of LAEs with those from previous LALA narrow-band surveys at z=4.5, we obtain one of the best measured Lyα luminosity functions to date, with our sample of over 200 spectroscopically confirmed Lyα galaxies yielding log10(L*) = 42.83 ± 0.06 (erg s-1) and log10(Φ*) = -3.48 ± 0.09 (Mpc-3). We compare our new luminosity function to others from the literature to study the evolution of the Lyα luminosity density at 0 < z<7.We find tentative evidence for evolution in the product L*Φ*, which approximately tracks the cosmic SFR density, but since field-tofield and survey-to-survey variations are in some cases as large as the possible evolution, some caution is needed in interpreting this trend.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3589-3607
Number of pages19
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume431
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

Fingerprint

luminosity
star formation rate
narrowband
galaxies
Population III stars
intergalactic media
neutral gases
erg
line of sight
continuums
trends
products
gas
rate

Keywords

  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: high-redshift
  • Galaxies: luminosity function
  • Mass function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Zheng, Z. Y., Finkelstein, S. L., Finkelstein, K., Tilvi, V., Rhoads, J. E., Malhotra, S., ... Xia, L. (2013). Lyα luminosity functions at redshift z ≈ 4.5. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 431(4), 3589-3607. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stt440

Lyα luminosity functions at redshift z ≈ 4.5. / Zheng, Zhen Ya; Finkelstein, Steven L.; Finkelstein, Keely; Tilvi, Vithal; Rhoads, James E.; Malhotra, Sangeeta; Wang, Jun Xian; Miller, Neal; Hibon, Pascale; Xia, Lifang.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 431, No. 4, 05.2013, p. 3589-3607.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zheng, ZY, Finkelstein, SL, Finkelstein, K, Tilvi, V, Rhoads, JE, Malhotra, S, Wang, JX, Miller, N, Hibon, P & Xia, L 2013, 'Lyα luminosity functions at redshift z ≈ 4.5', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 431, no. 4, pp. 3589-3607. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stt440
Zheng ZY, Finkelstein SL, Finkelstein K, Tilvi V, Rhoads JE, Malhotra S et al. Lyα luminosity functions at redshift z ≈ 4.5. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2013 May;431(4):3589-3607. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stt440
Zheng, Zhen Ya ; Finkelstein, Steven L. ; Finkelstein, Keely ; Tilvi, Vithal ; Rhoads, James E. ; Malhotra, Sangeeta ; Wang, Jun Xian ; Miller, Neal ; Hibon, Pascale ; Xia, Lifang. / Lyα luminosity functions at redshift z ≈ 4.5. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2013 ; Vol. 431, No. 4. pp. 3589-3607.
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T1 - Lyα luminosity functions at redshift z ≈ 4.5

AU - Zheng, Zhen Ya

AU - Finkelstein, Steven L.

AU - Finkelstein, Keely

AU - Tilvi, Vithal

AU - Rhoads, James E.

AU - Malhotra, Sangeeta

AU - Wang, Jun Xian

AU - Miller, Neal

AU - Hibon, Pascale

AU - Xia, Lifang

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N2 - We present a spectroscopically confirmed sample of Lyman α emitting galaxies (LAEs) at z ~ 4.5 in the Extended Chandra Deep Field-South (ECDFS), which we combine with a sample of z ~ 4.5 LAEs from previous narrow-band surveys from the Large Area Lyman Alpha (LALA) survey to build a unified Lyα luminosity function. We spectroscopically observed 64 candidate LAEs in the ECDFS, confirming 46 objects as z ~ 4.5 LAEs based on single-line detections with no continuum emission bluewards of the line, resulting in a Lyα confirmation rate of ~70 per cent. We did not detect significant flux from neither the CIV λ1549Å emission line nor the He II λ1640Å emission line in individual LAE spectra. These lines were also undetected in a co-added spectrum, with the co-added line ratio of He II to Lyα constraining the Population III star formation rate (SFR) to be<0.3 per cent of the total SFR and<1.25 per cent of the observed SFR (both at the 2σ level). We combine the optical spectra with deep X-ray and radio images to constrain the AGN fraction in the sample. Only LAE was detected in both the X-ray and radio, while the other objects remained undetected, even when stacked. The Lyα luminosity functions in our two deepest narrow-band filters in the ECDFS differ at greater than 2σ significance, and the product L*Φ* differs by a factor of >3. Similar luminosity function differences have been used to infer evolution in the neutral gas fraction in the intergalactic medium at z > 6, yet here the difference is likely due to cosmic variance, given that the two samples are from adjoining line-of-sight volumes. Combining our new sample of LAEs with those from previous LALA narrow-band surveys at z=4.5, we obtain one of the best measured Lyα luminosity functions to date, with our sample of over 200 spectroscopically confirmed Lyα galaxies yielding log10(L*) = 42.83 ± 0.06 (erg s-1) and log10(Φ*) = -3.48 ± 0.09 (Mpc-3). We compare our new luminosity function to others from the literature to study the evolution of the Lyα luminosity density at 0 < z<7.We find tentative evidence for evolution in the product L*Φ*, which approximately tracks the cosmic SFR density, but since field-tofield and survey-to-survey variations are in some cases as large as the possible evolution, some caution is needed in interpreting this trend.

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KW - Galaxies: evolution

KW - Galaxies: high-redshift

KW - Galaxies: luminosity function

KW - Mass function

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