Jeffrey F. Bell, B. Ray Hawke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Remote sensing and photogeologic data were used to determine the composition and origin of lunar dark-haloed craters. Near-infrared reflectance spectra were obtained for numerous dark-haloed impact craters located on either the ejecta blankets of large impact craters or Imbrian and Nectarian age light plains deposits. Spectral, thermal, radar, and photogeologic data conclusively demonstrate that Copernicus H and other dark-haloed craters on the ejecta blanket of Copernicus excavated mare basalts from beneath lighter surface deposits rich in highlands material. Analyses of reflectance spectra of dark-haloed craters on light plains indicate that in every instance these craters exposed mare basalt which had previously been covered by varying thicknesses of highlands debris. In the Schiller-Schickard region a relatively thick highlands unit was emplaced as a result of the Orientale impact event. On the interior of Balmer basin, marelike basalt has been excavated from beneath much thinner highlands deposits emplaced by nearby craters. The results of recent remote-sensing, photogeologic, and lunar sample studies strongly indicate that mare volcanism was a significant process during much of the pre-Imbrian and may have been initiated as early as 4. 2-4. 3 Ga. These very early volcanic episodes contributed materials to the lunar surface which were incorporated into the upper portion of the highlands crust by subsequent impact mixing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6899-6910
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of geophysical research
Issue numberB8
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology


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