Lower limb control and mobility following exercise training

Sukwon Kim, Thurmon Lockhart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of 8-week balance or weight training on ankle joint stiffness and limb stability for older adults, furthermore, on outcomes of slips while walking. Eighteen older adults volunteered for the study and randomly were assigned to the three groups, such as, weight, balance, or control group. While walking on a walking track, three-dimensional posture data were sampled and ankle joint stiffness and limb stability were computed to evaluate the effects of training. 2 (pre and post) × 3 (weight, balance, and control) × 2 (dominant and non-dominant legs) mixed factor repeated ANOVA was performed. The results indicated that only balance training group showed an improvement in joint stiffness and both the training groups showed improvements in limb stability. Also, fall frequency results suggested that joint stiffness and limb stability had an effect on the likelihood of slip-induced falls. In conclusion, training can facilitate improvements in joint and limb control mechanism for older adults contributing to an improvement in the likelihood of slip-induced falls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number15
JournalJournal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 16 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Falls
  • Joint Stiffness
  • Limb Mobility
  • Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Informatics

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