Low-threshold stimulated emission at 249 nm and 256 nm from AlGaN-based multiple-quantum-well lasers grown on sapphire substrates

Xiao Hang Li, Theeradetch Detchprohm, Tsung Ting Kao, Md Mahbub Satter, Shyh Chiang Shen, P. Douglas Yoder, Russell D. Dupuis, Shuo Wang, Yong O. Wei, Hongen Xie, Alec M. Fischer, Fernando Ponce, Tim Wernicke, Christoph Reich, Martin Martens, Michael Kneissl

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Abstract

Optically pumped deep-ultraviolet (DUV) lasing with low threshold was demonstrated from AlGaN-based multiple-quantum-well (MQW) heterostructures grown on sapphire substrates. The epitaxial layers were grown pseudomorphically by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition on (0001) sapphire substrates. Stimulated emission was observed at wavelengths of 256 nm and 249 nm with thresholds of 61 kW/cm2 and 95 kW/cm2 at room temperature, respectively. The thresholds are comparable to the reported state-of-the-art AlGaN-based MQW DUV lasers grown on bulk AlN substrates emitting at 266 nm. These low thresholds are attributed to the optimization of active region and waveguide layer as well as the use of high-quality AlN/sapphire templates. The stimulated emission above threshold was dominated by transverse-electric polarization. This work demonstrates the potential candidacy of sapphire substrates for DUV diode lasers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number141106
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume105
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 6 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Li, X. H., Detchprohm, T., Kao, T. T., Satter, M. M., Shen, S. C., Douglas Yoder, P., Dupuis, R. D., Wang, S., Wei, Y. O., Xie, H., Fischer, A. M., Ponce, F., Wernicke, T., Reich, C., Martens, M., & Kneissl, M. (2014). Low-threshold stimulated emission at 249 nm and 256 nm from AlGaN-based multiple-quantum-well lasers grown on sapphire substrates. Applied Physics Letters, 105(14), [141106]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4897527