Low-temperature study of the static and dynamical magnetic properties of the random one-dimensional antiferromagnet (CD3)4NMncCu1-cCl3

Y. Endoh, I. U. Heilmann, R. J. Birgeneau, G. Shirane, A. R. McGurn, M. F. Thorpe

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21 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a recent paper we reported a neutron scattering study of the random one-dimensional (1D) Heisenberg antiferromagnetic (CD3)4NMncCu1-cCl3, with c=0.93 and 0.85. The main emphasis was on the static properties. In the present publication we present the results and analyses of extended quasielastic and inelastic neutron scattering experiments at temperatures down to 0.3 K. The low-temperature behavior of the inverse correlation length and staggered susceptibility (Q=) of the c=0.93 specimen indicates that the exchange JCu-Cu between pairs of Cu++ ions is ferromagnetic. Well-defined spin-wave-like excitations are observed for wave vectors larger than a critical wave vector qcr. The low-temperature measurements indicate that qcr is governed by the percolation limit c of itself, indicating that the observed excitations are associated with the pure Mn++ segments. We have carried out spin-wave perturbation calculations and computer simulations of the spin-dynamical properties of the dilute classical Heisenberg chain at T=0. These two calculations are in good agreement with each other. No Ising resonances, associated with states at chain ends, were found in these calculations. These resonances occur in similar systems in higher dimensions but are shown not to occur in 1D because of the singular nature of the density of states at the band edges. For q>qcr, the observed inelastic scattering response is quantitatively accounted for by means of the perturbation calculations. For qqcr the experimentally measured line shapes are in qualitative agreement with the computer simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4582-4591
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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