Loss of positional specificity in the aminoacylation of Escherichia coli tRNAGly.

G. M. Ehrenfeld, T. A. Francis, Sidney Hecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The positional specificity in the aminoacylation of Escherichia coli tRNAGly by its cognate aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase has been studied using tRNAGlys terminating in 2'- or 3'-deoxyadenosine under conditions believed to alter tRNA conformation. Although E. coli tRNAGly terminating in 3'-deoxyadenosine has been reported not to be a good substrate for activation by the homologous glycyl-tRNA synthetase, by systematic variation of the conditions employed for aminoacylation it was possible to activate this tRNA to essentially the same extent as unmodified tRNAGly. Activation of tRNAGly terminating in 3'-deoxyadenosine was carried out optimally at 45 degrees C in an incubation mixture containing 0.3-0.4 M NaCl; 10% methanol, ethanol, and dimethyl sulfoxide were found to facilitate activation of the modified tRNA. Interestingly, the conditions employed to enhance activation of this modified tRNAGly had no effect on the activation of unmodified tRNAGly or tRNAGly terminating in 2'-deoxyadenosine. These experiments afford insight into the activation of tRNAGly by glycyl-tRNA synthetase and provide facile access to positionally defined, isomeric glycl-tRNAGlys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11745-11750
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume258
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 10 1983
Externally publishedYes

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RNA, Transfer, Gly
Aminoacylation
Escherichia coli
Chemical activation
Glycine-tRNA Ligase
Transfer RNA
Amino Acyl-tRNA Synthetases
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Methanol
Conformations
Ethanol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Loss of positional specificity in the aminoacylation of Escherichia coli tRNAGly. / Ehrenfeld, G. M.; Francis, T. A.; Hecht, Sidney.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 258, No. 19, 10.10.1983, p. 11745-11750.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The positional specificity in the aminoacylation of Escherichia coli tRNAGly by its cognate aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase has been studied using tRNAGlys terminating in 2'- or 3'-deoxyadenosine under conditions believed to alter tRNA conformation. Although E. coli tRNAGly terminating in 3'-deoxyadenosine has been reported not to be a good substrate for activation by the homologous glycyl-tRNA synthetase, by systematic variation of the conditions employed for aminoacylation it was possible to activate this tRNA to essentially the same extent as unmodified tRNAGly. Activation of tRNAGly terminating in 3'-deoxyadenosine was carried out optimally at 45 degrees C in an incubation mixture containing 0.3-0.4 M NaCl; 10{\%} methanol, ethanol, and dimethyl sulfoxide were found to facilitate activation of the modified tRNA. Interestingly, the conditions employed to enhance activation of this modified tRNAGly had no effect on the activation of unmodified tRNAGly or tRNAGly terminating in 2'-deoxyadenosine. These experiments afford insight into the activation of tRNAGly by glycyl-tRNA synthetase and provide facile access to positionally defined, isomeric glycl-tRNAGlys.",
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AB - The positional specificity in the aminoacylation of Escherichia coli tRNAGly by its cognate aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase has been studied using tRNAGlys terminating in 2'- or 3'-deoxyadenosine under conditions believed to alter tRNA conformation. Although E. coli tRNAGly terminating in 3'-deoxyadenosine has been reported not to be a good substrate for activation by the homologous glycyl-tRNA synthetase, by systematic variation of the conditions employed for aminoacylation it was possible to activate this tRNA to essentially the same extent as unmodified tRNAGly. Activation of tRNAGly terminating in 3'-deoxyadenosine was carried out optimally at 45 degrees C in an incubation mixture containing 0.3-0.4 M NaCl; 10% methanol, ethanol, and dimethyl sulfoxide were found to facilitate activation of the modified tRNA. Interestingly, the conditions employed to enhance activation of this modified tRNAGly had no effect on the activation of unmodified tRNAGly or tRNAGly terminating in 2'-deoxyadenosine. These experiments afford insight into the activation of tRNAGly by glycyl-tRNA synthetase and provide facile access to positionally defined, isomeric glycl-tRNAGlys.

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