A highly efficient loop-based interconnect modeling methodology is proposed for multigigahertz clock network design and optimization. Closed-form loop resistance and inductance models are proposed for fully shielded global clock interconnect structures, which capture high-frequency effects including inductance and proximity effects. The models are validated through comparisons with electromagnetic simulations and measured data taken from a Power4 chip. This modeling methodology greatly improves the clock interconnect simulation efficiency and enables fast physical design exploration. Examples of interconnect performance optimization are demonstrated and design guidelines are proposed.
- Clock distribution
- Proximity effects
- Timing analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering