Delivering glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) to the brain is a potential treatment for Parkinson's Disease (PD). Here we use an implantable encapsulated cell technology that uses modified human clonal ARPE-19 cells to deliver of GDNF to the brain. In vivo studies demonstrated sustained delivery of GDNF to the rat striatum over 6 months. Anatomical benefits and behavioral efficacy were shown in 6-OHDA lesioned rats where nigral dopaminergic neurons were preserved in neuroprotection studies and dopaminergic fibers were restored in neurorecovery studies. When larger, clinical-sized devices were implanted for 3 months into the putamen of Göttingen minipigs, GDNF was widely distributed throughout the putamen and caudate producing a significant upregulation of tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry. These results are the first to provide clear evidence that implantation of encapsulated GDNF-secreting cells deliver efficacious and biologically relevant amounts of GDNF in a sustained and targeted manner that is scalable to treat the large putamen in patients with Parkinson's disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Current Research in Pharmacology and Drug Discovery|
|State||Published - Apr 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics