Long-term impact of prevention programs to promote effective parenting: Lasting effects but uncertain processes

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260 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article reviews findings from 46 randomized experimental trials of preventive parenting interventions. The findings of these trials provide evidence of effects to prevent a wide range of problem outcomes and to promote competencies from one to 20 years later. However, there is a paucity of evidence concerning the processes that account for program effects. Three alternative pathways are proposed as a framework for future research on the long-term effects of preventive parenting programs: (a) through program effects on parenting skills, perceptions of parental efficacy, and reduction in barriers to effective parenting; (b) through program-induced reductions in short-term problems of youth that persist over time, improvements in youth adaptation to stress, and improvements in youth belief systems concerning the self and their relationships with others; and (c) through effects on contexts in which youth become involved and on youth-environment transactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-329
Number of pages31
JournalAnnual Review of Psychology
Volume62
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2011

Keywords

  • long-term effects
  • mediation
  • parenting
  • prevention
  • promotion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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