Long-term impact of prevention programs to promote effective parenting: Lasting effects but uncertain processes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

233 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article reviews findings from 46 randomized experimental trials of preventive parenting interventions. The findings of these trials provide evidence of effects to prevent a wide range of problem outcomes and to promote competencies from one to 20 years later. However, there is a paucity of evidence concerning the processes that account for program effects. Three alternative pathways are proposed as a framework for future research on the long-term effects of preventive parenting programs: (a) through program effects on parenting skills, perceptions of parental efficacy, and reduction in barriers to effective parenting; (b) through program-induced reductions in short-term problems of youth that persist over time, improvements in youth adaptation to stress, and improvements in youth belief systems concerning the self and their relationships with others; and (c) through effects on contexts in which youth become involved and on youth-environment transactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-329
Number of pages31
JournalAnnual Review of Psychology
Volume62
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2011

Keywords

  • long-term effects
  • mediation
  • parenting
  • prevention
  • promotion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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