Locus of Control, Self-Esteem, and Field Independence as Predictors of School Achievement Among Anglo American and Mexican American Children

William Nelson, George P. Knight, Spencer Kagan, Jann Gumbiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relation of measures of locus of control, self-esteem, and field independence to the reading and math achievement of 170 Mexican American and Anglo American children is explored. The Anglo American-Mexican American school achievement gap was confirmed, but no significant cultural difference on any personality variable was observed. The intercorrelations among the personality variables and between the personality variables and school achievement were greater among Mexican American children compared to Anglo American children, and the per sonality variables were also more highly related to school achievement for Mexican American children. This pattern of results is discussed as possibly due to (a) a greater impact of school achievement on personality for Mexican Americans; (b) personality differences as more important precursors of school achievement among Mexican Americans; (c) lack of cultural equivalence of meaning of the personality variables; and (d) grade as a mediating variable. Implications of the findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-335
Number of pages13
JournalHispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1980
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Internal-External Control
locus of control
Self Concept
self-esteem
Personality
personality
school
equivalence
cultural difference
Reading
lack

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Locus of Control, Self-Esteem, and Field Independence as Predictors of School Achievement Among Anglo American and Mexican American Children. / Nelson, William; Knight, George P.; Kagan, Spencer; Gumbiner, Jann.

In: Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1980, p. 323-335.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f0c753e064d546bf92be9b260be2cda2,
title = "Locus of Control, Self-Esteem, and Field Independence as Predictors of School Achievement Among Anglo American and Mexican American Children",
abstract = "The relation of measures of locus of control, self-esteem, and field independence to the reading and math achievement of 170 Mexican American and Anglo American children is explored. The Anglo American-Mexican American school achievement gap was confirmed, but no significant cultural difference on any personality variable was observed. The intercorrelations among the personality variables and between the personality variables and school achievement were greater among Mexican American children compared to Anglo American children, and the per sonality variables were also more highly related to school achievement for Mexican American children. This pattern of results is discussed as possibly due to (a) a greater impact of school achievement on personality for Mexican Americans; (b) personality differences as more important precursors of school achievement among Mexican Americans; (c) lack of cultural equivalence of meaning of the personality variables; and (d) grade as a mediating variable. Implications of the findings are discussed.",
author = "William Nelson and Knight, {George P.} and Spencer Kagan and Jann Gumbiner",
year = "1980",
doi = "10.1177/073998638000200402",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "323--335",
journal = "Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences",
issn = "0739-9863",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Locus of Control, Self-Esteem, and Field Independence as Predictors of School Achievement Among Anglo American and Mexican American Children

AU - Nelson, William

AU - Knight, George P.

AU - Kagan, Spencer

AU - Gumbiner, Jann

PY - 1980

Y1 - 1980

N2 - The relation of measures of locus of control, self-esteem, and field independence to the reading and math achievement of 170 Mexican American and Anglo American children is explored. The Anglo American-Mexican American school achievement gap was confirmed, but no significant cultural difference on any personality variable was observed. The intercorrelations among the personality variables and between the personality variables and school achievement were greater among Mexican American children compared to Anglo American children, and the per sonality variables were also more highly related to school achievement for Mexican American children. This pattern of results is discussed as possibly due to (a) a greater impact of school achievement on personality for Mexican Americans; (b) personality differences as more important precursors of school achievement among Mexican Americans; (c) lack of cultural equivalence of meaning of the personality variables; and (d) grade as a mediating variable. Implications of the findings are discussed.

AB - The relation of measures of locus of control, self-esteem, and field independence to the reading and math achievement of 170 Mexican American and Anglo American children is explored. The Anglo American-Mexican American school achievement gap was confirmed, but no significant cultural difference on any personality variable was observed. The intercorrelations among the personality variables and between the personality variables and school achievement were greater among Mexican American children compared to Anglo American children, and the per sonality variables were also more highly related to school achievement for Mexican American children. This pattern of results is discussed as possibly due to (a) a greater impact of school achievement on personality for Mexican Americans; (b) personality differences as more important precursors of school achievement among Mexican Americans; (c) lack of cultural equivalence of meaning of the personality variables; and (d) grade as a mediating variable. Implications of the findings are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84970157792&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84970157792&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/073998638000200402

DO - 10.1177/073998638000200402

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 323

EP - 335

JO - Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences

JF - Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences

SN - 0739-9863

IS - 4

ER -