Locus of control and self-esteem as moderators of stressor-symptom relations in children and adolescents

Wendy Kliewer, Irwin Sandler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

Locus of control and self-esteem were examined as moderators of links between negative life events and psychological symptoms in 238 young people 8 to 16 years old. Results indicated that locus of control buffered the effects of stressors on psychological symptoms, and the pattern of buffering did not differ by age or gender. Self-esteem buffered the link between Stressors and symptoms, but only for girls. Further analyses with girls only revealed a conjunctive moderation effect of locus of control and self-esteem: When faced with many negative life events, girls who have both an external locus of control and low esteem show the highest psychological maladjustment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-413
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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