Localization and interaural time difference (ITD) thresholds for cochlear implant recipients with preserved acoustic hearing in the implanted ear

René H. Gifford, D. Wesley Grantham, Sterling W. Sheffield, Timothy J. Davis, Robert Dwyer, Michael Dorman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate horizontal plane localization and interaural time difference (ITD) thresholds for 14 adult cochlear implant recipients with hearing preservation in the implanted ear. Localization to broadband noise was assessed in an anechoic chamber with a 33-loudspeaker array extending from-90 to+90°. Three listening conditions were tested including bilateral hearing aids, bimodal (implant+contralateral hearing aid) and best aided (implant+bilateral hearing aids). ITD thresholds were assessed, under headphones, for low-frequency stimuli including a 250-Hz tone and bandpass noise (100-900Hz). Localization, in overall rms error, was significantly poorer in the bimodal condition (mean: 60.2°) as compared to both bilateral hearing aids (mean: 46.1°) and the best-aided condition (mean: 43.4°). ITD thresholds were assessed for the same 14 adult implant recipients as well as 5 normal-hearing adults. ITD thresholds were highly variable across the implant recipients ranging from the range of normal to ITDs not present in real-world listening environments (range: 43 to over 1600μs). ITD thresholds were significantly correlated with localization, the degree of interaural asymmetry in low-frequency hearing, and the degree of hearing preservation related benefit in the speech reception threshold (SRT). These data suggest that implant recipients with hearing preservation in the implanted ear have access to binaural cues and that the sensitivity to ITDs is significantly correlated with localization and degree of preserved hearing in the implanted ear.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-37
Number of pages10
JournalHearing Research
Volume312
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems

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