Levoglucosan, a tracer for cellulose in biomass burning and atmospheric particles

B. R T Simoneit, J. J. Schauer, C. G. Nolte, D. R. Oros, V. O. Elias, Matthew Fraser, W. F. Rogge, G. R. Cass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

938 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The major organic components of smoke particles from biomass burning are monosaccharide derivatives from the breakdown of cellulose, accompanied by generally lesser amounts of straight-chain, aliphatic and oxygenated compounds and terpenoids from vegetation waxes, resins/gums, and other biopolymers. Levoglucosan and the related degradation products from cellulose can be utilized as specific and general indicator compounds for the presence of emissions from biomass burning in samples of atmospheric fine particulate matter. This enables the potential tracking of such emissions on a global basis. There are other compounds (e.g. amyrones, friedelin, dehydroabietic acid, and thermal derivatives from terpenoids and from lignin- syringaldehyde, vanillin, syringic acid, vanillic acid), which are additional key indicators in smoke from burning of biomass specific to the type of biomass fuel. The monosaccharide derivatives (e.g. levoglucosan) are proposed as specific indicators for cellulose in biomass burning emissions. Levoglucosan is emitted at such high concentrations that it can be detected at considerable distances from the original combustion source.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-182
Number of pages10
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume33
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

atmospheric particle
biomass burning
cellulose
Cellulose
monosaccharide
Biomass
tracer
smoke
acid
Derivatives
Smoke
biomass
Acids
wax
lignin
particulate matter
resin
combustion
Biopolymers
Waxes

Keywords

  • 1,6-Anhydro-β-D-glucopyranose
  • Aerosols
  • Biomarker tracers
  • Cellulose
  • Smoke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Pollution

Cite this

Simoneit, B. R. T., Schauer, J. J., Nolte, C. G., Oros, D. R., Elias, V. O., Fraser, M., ... Cass, G. R. (1999). Levoglucosan, a tracer for cellulose in biomass burning and atmospheric particles. Atmospheric Environment, 33(2), 173-182.

Levoglucosan, a tracer for cellulose in biomass burning and atmospheric particles. / Simoneit, B. R T; Schauer, J. J.; Nolte, C. G.; Oros, D. R.; Elias, V. O.; Fraser, Matthew; Rogge, W. F.; Cass, G. R.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 33, No. 2, 01.1999, p. 173-182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Simoneit, BRT, Schauer, JJ, Nolte, CG, Oros, DR, Elias, VO, Fraser, M, Rogge, WF & Cass, GR 1999, 'Levoglucosan, a tracer for cellulose in biomass burning and atmospheric particles', Atmospheric Environment, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 173-182.
Simoneit BRT, Schauer JJ, Nolte CG, Oros DR, Elias VO, Fraser M et al. Levoglucosan, a tracer for cellulose in biomass burning and atmospheric particles. Atmospheric Environment. 1999 Jan;33(2):173-182.
Simoneit, B. R T ; Schauer, J. J. ; Nolte, C. G. ; Oros, D. R. ; Elias, V. O. ; Fraser, Matthew ; Rogge, W. F. ; Cass, G. R. / Levoglucosan, a tracer for cellulose in biomass burning and atmospheric particles. In: Atmospheric Environment. 1999 ; Vol. 33, No. 2. pp. 173-182.
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