Previous research has cited the need for leisure education programs to ensure that leisure-time experiences serve to enhance elderly individuals' psychological well-being. This study sought to determine the effects of a leisure education program on perceived leisure control, perceived leisure competence, and self-esteem among elderly patients in a day hospital. Fifty-three volunteer participants were randomly assigned to experimental and control group conditions. The experimental group received a leisure education program which occurred one hour per week for eight weeks. Both groups were administered a test battery, before and after the program, to assess the impact of the leisure education program on the dependent variables locus of control, perceived competence, and self-esteem while controlling for possible intervening variables. The results of an analysis of covariance for perceived leisure competence were statistically significant. The findings for the other dependent variables, leisure locus of control and self-esteem, were not significant. The implications of these results for researchers and the delivery of leisure services in day hospitals are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Psychiatry and Mental health