Legal cynicism, legitimacy, and criminal offending

The nonconfounding effect of low self-control

Michael Reisig, Scott E. Wolfe, Kristy Reisig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prior research suggests that legal orientations (or domains of legal socialization), such as legitimacy and legal cynicism, influence compliance with the law (or criminal offending). The aim of this study was to assess a potential threat to the internal validity of these findings. Specifically, the authors test whether one potential confounder, low self-control, attenuates the observed effects of legal orientations on self-reported criminal offending. Using cross-sectional survey data from 626 adult participants, the results of regression models show that criminal offending is significantly shaped by both legal cynicism and legitimacy, even after taking into account individual variations in self-control. In short, the findings demonstrate that legitimacy and legal cynicism exert direct independent effects on law-violating behavior and that these relationships are not confounded by low self-control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1265-1279
Number of pages15
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Volume38
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Fingerprint

Illegitimacy
self-control
legitimacy
Criminal Law
Socialization
Law
socialization
Cross-Sectional Studies
threat
regression
Research

Keywords

  • crime
  • legal cynicism
  • legal socialization
  • legitimacy
  • self-control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law

Cite this

Legal cynicism, legitimacy, and criminal offending : The nonconfounding effect of low self-control. / Reisig, Michael; Wolfe, Scott E.; Reisig, Kristy.

In: Criminal Justice and Behavior, Vol. 38, No. 12, 12.2011, p. 1265-1279.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{324f97a71d7d4c8a9d3895f469b7570a,
title = "Legal cynicism, legitimacy, and criminal offending: The nonconfounding effect of low self-control",
abstract = "Prior research suggests that legal orientations (or domains of legal socialization), such as legitimacy and legal cynicism, influence compliance with the law (or criminal offending). The aim of this study was to assess a potential threat to the internal validity of these findings. Specifically, the authors test whether one potential confounder, low self-control, attenuates the observed effects of legal orientations on self-reported criminal offending. Using cross-sectional survey data from 626 adult participants, the results of regression models show that criminal offending is significantly shaped by both legal cynicism and legitimacy, even after taking into account individual variations in self-control. In short, the findings demonstrate that legitimacy and legal cynicism exert direct independent effects on law-violating behavior and that these relationships are not confounded by low self-control.",
keywords = "crime, legal cynicism, legal socialization, legitimacy, self-control",
author = "Michael Reisig and Wolfe, {Scott E.} and Kristy Reisig",
year = "2011",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1177/0093854811424707",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "38",
pages = "1265--1279",
journal = "Criminal Justice and Behavior",
issn = "0093-8548",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Legal cynicism, legitimacy, and criminal offending

T2 - The nonconfounding effect of low self-control

AU - Reisig, Michael

AU - Wolfe, Scott E.

AU - Reisig, Kristy

PY - 2011/12

Y1 - 2011/12

N2 - Prior research suggests that legal orientations (or domains of legal socialization), such as legitimacy and legal cynicism, influence compliance with the law (or criminal offending). The aim of this study was to assess a potential threat to the internal validity of these findings. Specifically, the authors test whether one potential confounder, low self-control, attenuates the observed effects of legal orientations on self-reported criminal offending. Using cross-sectional survey data from 626 adult participants, the results of regression models show that criminal offending is significantly shaped by both legal cynicism and legitimacy, even after taking into account individual variations in self-control. In short, the findings demonstrate that legitimacy and legal cynicism exert direct independent effects on law-violating behavior and that these relationships are not confounded by low self-control.

AB - Prior research suggests that legal orientations (or domains of legal socialization), such as legitimacy and legal cynicism, influence compliance with the law (or criminal offending). The aim of this study was to assess a potential threat to the internal validity of these findings. Specifically, the authors test whether one potential confounder, low self-control, attenuates the observed effects of legal orientations on self-reported criminal offending. Using cross-sectional survey data from 626 adult participants, the results of regression models show that criminal offending is significantly shaped by both legal cynicism and legitimacy, even after taking into account individual variations in self-control. In short, the findings demonstrate that legitimacy and legal cynicism exert direct independent effects on law-violating behavior and that these relationships are not confounded by low self-control.

KW - crime

KW - legal cynicism

KW - legal socialization

KW - legitimacy

KW - self-control

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=81055133019&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=81055133019&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0093854811424707

DO - 10.1177/0093854811424707

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 1265

EP - 1279

JO - Criminal Justice and Behavior

JF - Criminal Justice and Behavior

SN - 0093-8548

IS - 12

ER -