Learning Beam Codebooks with Neural Networks: Towards Environment-Aware mmWave MIMO

Yu Zhang, Muhammad Alrabeiah, Ahmed Alkhateeb

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Scaling the number of antennas up is a key characteristic of current and future wireless communication systems. The hardware cost and power consumption, however, motivate large-scale MIMO systems, especially at millimeter wave (mmWave) bands, to rely on analog-only or hybrid analog/digital transceiver architectures. With these architectures, mmWave base stations normally use pre-defined beamforming codebooks for both initial access and data transmissions. Current beam codebooks, however, generally adopt single-lobe narrow beams and scan the entire angular space. This leads to high beam training overhead and loss in the achievable beamforming gains. In this paper, we propose a new machine learning framework for learning beamforming codebooks in hardware-constrained large-scale MIMO systems. More specifically, we develop a neural network architecture that accounts for the hardware constraints and learns beam codebooks that adapt to the surrounding environment and the user locations. Simulation results highlight the capability of the proposed solution in learning multi-lobe beams and reducing the codebook size, which leads to noticeable gains compared to classical codebook design approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2020 IEEE 21st International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728154787
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020
Event21st IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC 2020 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: May 26 2020May 29 2020

Publication series

NameIEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC
Volume2020-May

Conference

Conference21st IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC 2020
CountryUnited States
CityAtlanta
Period5/26/205/29/20

Keywords

  • Machine learning
  • beamforming codebooks
  • environment awareness
  • large-scale MIMO
  • neural networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems

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