Leadership challenges and strategies to dementia care in Chinese faith-based nursing homes: A qualitative study

Lin Jiang, Fei Sun, Robin Bonifas, David R. Hodge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim: To address the need and fill a knowledge gap in understanding challenges and coping strategies from the perspectives of nursing home leadership. Background: The rapid increase of older adults with dementia in China highlights the need for research on dementia care in long-term care facilities. Methods: Semistructured interviews were conducted among 20 facility directors employed by faith-based nursing homes across 12 provinces in China via phone or in-person in their native language. Two researchers fluent in Mandarin Chinese- and English-coded interview transcripts; thematic analysis was conducted to identify patterns. Results: Four primary challenges were identified, including recruiting and retaining nursing staff, funding, lacking governmental support and discord with family members. The coping strategies included using external resources, incorporating religious beliefs, teamwork, rewarding performance and improving staff skills and empathy. Conclusions: This study contributes to nursing home practice knowledge by disseminating insights of administrators regarding culturally relevant dementia management strategies in China. Implications for nursing management: Implications for nursing management are as follows: teamwork and staff encouragement; advocate for a sustainable governmental financial support; staff training and staff-resident ratio regulations and policy; seeking external resources; integrate faith-based means for problem management and service quality improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)777-784
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2022


  • continuing challenges
  • leadership
  • nursing home
  • strategic management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management


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