Leadership and organizational learning: A multiple levels perspective

Yair Berson, Louise A. Nemanich, David Waldman, Benjamin M. Galvin, Robert T. Keller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

151 Scopus citations


We review theoretical and empirical work relevant to the nexus of leadership with organizational learning. We build on the classic distinction between exploration and exploitation and the 4I framework of organizational learning [Crossan, M. M., Lane, H. W., & White, R. E. (1999). An organizational learning framework: From intuition to institution. Academy of Management Review, 24, 522-537.] to present previous research and offer research directions linking leadership constructs and processes of organizational learning at different levels of analysis. For each of these links, we discuss the mediating effect of organizational context and suggest future research directions. This review is integrated using a model and propositions that depict the role of leaders with regard to new and existing learning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)577-594
Number of pages18
JournalLeadership Quarterly
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2006


  • Exploitation
  • Exploration
  • Integration
  • Levels of analysis
  • Organizational context

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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