Leader-member exchange and citizenship behaviors: A meta-analysis

Remus Ilies, Jennifer D. Nahrgang, Frederick P. Morgeson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

727 Scopus citations


This article provides a meta-analytic review of the relationship between the quality of leader-member exchanges (LMX) and citizenship behaviors performed by employees. Results based on 50 independent samples (N = 9,324) indicate a moderately strong, positive relationship between LMX and citizenship behaviors (ρ = .37). The results also support the moderating role of the target of the citizenship behaviors on the magnitude of the LMX-citizenship behavior relationship. As expected, LMX predicted individual-targeted behaviors more strongly than it predicted organizational targeted behaviors (ρ = .38 vs. ρ = .31), and the difference was statistically significant. Whether the LMX and the citizenship behavior ratings were provided by the same source or not also influenced the magnitude of the correlation between the 2 constructs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-277
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007


  • Leadership
  • Meta-analysis
  • Organizational citizenship behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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