Latino adolescents' perceived discrimination in online and offline settings: An examination of cultural risk and protective factors

Adriana J. Umaña-Taylor, Brendesha M. Tynes, Russell B. Toomey, David R. Williams, Kimberly J. Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Guided by a risk and resilience framework, the current study examined the associations between Latino adolescents' (n = 219; Mage = 14.35; SD = 1.75) perceptions of ethnic discrimination in multiple settings (e.g., online, school) and several domains of adjustment (e.g., mental health, academic), and tested whether developmentally salient cultural assets (i.e., ethnic identity) directly promoted youth adjustment or moderated the negative impact of discrimination on adjustment. Each of the 3 ethnic identity components (i.e., exploration, resolution, affirmation) demonstrated evidence of promoting positive outcomes among Latino youth; furthermore, there was some evidence that the promotive effects of affirmation and resolution were significantly stronger for older versus younger adolescents. In addition, with the exception of experiences with discrimination from adults outside of the school setting, there was evidence of ethnic identity interacting with each type of discrimination to predict Latino adolescents' self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and externalizing problems. Findings suggest directions for future research and identify potential targets for intervention that may prove fruitful in programming efforts with Latino adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-100
Number of pages14
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Discrimination
  • Ethnic identity
  • Racial identity
  • Resilience
  • Risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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