Large-volume multianvil cells designed for chemical synthesis at high pressures

Emil Stoyanov, Ulrich Haussermann, Kurt Leinenweber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two multianvil cell assemblies with octahedral edge lengths (OEL) of 18 and 25mm have been developed, which allow sample volumes of up to 153 and 387mm3, respectively. Pressure calibrations were performed at room temperature and 1200C using quenched samples, and at variable temperature using in situ synchrotron measurements. These calibrations employed 25.4mm tungsten carbide anvils with a truncation edge length of 12mm for the 18mm OEL cell (18/12 configuration) and 15mm for the 25mm OEL cell (25/15 configuration) and yielded sample pressures of up to 10 and 7.5GPa, respectively, at loads approaching 800t. The measured thermal gradients at 1200C vary between 5-10C/mm (18/12) and 15-20C/mm (25/15). By combining large sample/reaction volumes with minimal thermal gradients, the new multianvil cell assemblies are especially useful for chemical synthesis at high-pressure, high-temperature conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-189
Number of pages15
JournalHigh Pressure Research
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010

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synthesis
cells
assemblies
gradients
tungsten carbides
anvils
configurations
synchrotrons
room temperature
approximation
temperature

Keywords

  • High-pressure synthesis
  • Large sample volumes
  • Multianvil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Large-volume multianvil cells designed for chemical synthesis at high pressures. / Stoyanov, Emil; Haussermann, Ulrich; Leinenweber, Kurt.

In: High Pressure Research, Vol. 30, No. 1, 01.03.2010, p. 175-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stoyanov, Emil ; Haussermann, Ulrich ; Leinenweber, Kurt. / Large-volume multianvil cells designed for chemical synthesis at high pressures. In: High Pressure Research. 2010 ; Vol. 30, No. 1. pp. 175-189.
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