Large-eddy simulation of the impact of urban trees on momentum and heat fluxes

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trees in urban environment have a profound impact on the microclimate and environmental sustainability. Realistically representing them in urban models is an ongoing area of research in urban environmental study. In this paper, we develop a novel large-eddy simulation (LES) model (LES-UrbanTree) that resolves the buildings and parameterizes urban trees by accounting for their aerodynamic impact. The shading effect of trees is explicitly taken into account in LES-UrbanTree by a subsurface conduction model coupled to LES. Two-dimensional street canyons with trees in the middle of the street are used as a prototype for case studies. It is found that under moderate canyon aspect ratio (i.e. height/width being 0.5 and 1), trees taller than the mean building height leads to the strongest modification of the flow and temperature fields. Tall trees strongly impact the downward transport of high momentum (i.e. sweeping events) and therefore alter the momentum and heat fluxes most significantly through direct interaction with the strong shear layer near the roof top. Simulations of street canyons of different aspect ratios also produce physically consistent results, thus demonstrating the application potential of LES-UrbanTree. The study overall highlights the importance of representing both the aerodynamic and thermodynamic changes due to trees in urban models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAgricultural and Forest Meteorology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

momentum
large eddy simulation
heat flux
heat
canyons
street canyon
aerodynamics
environmental sustainability
microclimate
shading
prototypes
thermodynamics
shear stress
canyon
roof
simulation models
shade
sustainability
case studies
simulation

Keywords

  • Canopy flow
  • Large-eddy simulation
  • Surface energy exchange
  • Urban forestry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

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title = "Large-eddy simulation of the impact of urban trees on momentum and heat fluxes",
abstract = "Trees in urban environment have a profound impact on the microclimate and environmental sustainability. Realistically representing them in urban models is an ongoing area of research in urban environmental study. In this paper, we develop a novel large-eddy simulation (LES) model (LES-UrbanTree) that resolves the buildings and parameterizes urban trees by accounting for their aerodynamic impact. The shading effect of trees is explicitly taken into account in LES-UrbanTree by a subsurface conduction model coupled to LES. Two-dimensional street canyons with trees in the middle of the street are used as a prototype for case studies. It is found that under moderate canyon aspect ratio (i.e. height/width being 0.5 and 1), trees taller than the mean building height leads to the strongest modification of the flow and temperature fields. Tall trees strongly impact the downward transport of high momentum (i.e. sweeping events) and therefore alter the momentum and heat fluxes most significantly through direct interaction with the strong shear layer near the roof top. Simulations of street canyons of different aspect ratios also produce physically consistent results, thus demonstrating the application potential of LES-UrbanTree. The study overall highlights the importance of representing both the aerodynamic and thermodynamic changes due to trees in urban models.",
keywords = "Canopy flow, Large-eddy simulation, Surface energy exchange, Urban forestry",
author = "Qi Li and Zhihua Wang",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.07.011",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Agricultural and Forest Meteorology",
issn = "0168-1923",
publisher = "Elsevier",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Large-eddy simulation of the impact of urban trees on momentum and heat fluxes

AU - Li, Qi

AU - Wang, Zhihua

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Trees in urban environment have a profound impact on the microclimate and environmental sustainability. Realistically representing them in urban models is an ongoing area of research in urban environmental study. In this paper, we develop a novel large-eddy simulation (LES) model (LES-UrbanTree) that resolves the buildings and parameterizes urban trees by accounting for their aerodynamic impact. The shading effect of trees is explicitly taken into account in LES-UrbanTree by a subsurface conduction model coupled to LES. Two-dimensional street canyons with trees in the middle of the street are used as a prototype for case studies. It is found that under moderate canyon aspect ratio (i.e. height/width being 0.5 and 1), trees taller than the mean building height leads to the strongest modification of the flow and temperature fields. Tall trees strongly impact the downward transport of high momentum (i.e. sweeping events) and therefore alter the momentum and heat fluxes most significantly through direct interaction with the strong shear layer near the roof top. Simulations of street canyons of different aspect ratios also produce physically consistent results, thus demonstrating the application potential of LES-UrbanTree. The study overall highlights the importance of representing both the aerodynamic and thermodynamic changes due to trees in urban models.

AB - Trees in urban environment have a profound impact on the microclimate and environmental sustainability. Realistically representing them in urban models is an ongoing area of research in urban environmental study. In this paper, we develop a novel large-eddy simulation (LES) model (LES-UrbanTree) that resolves the buildings and parameterizes urban trees by accounting for their aerodynamic impact. The shading effect of trees is explicitly taken into account in LES-UrbanTree by a subsurface conduction model coupled to LES. Two-dimensional street canyons with trees in the middle of the street are used as a prototype for case studies. It is found that under moderate canyon aspect ratio (i.e. height/width being 0.5 and 1), trees taller than the mean building height leads to the strongest modification of the flow and temperature fields. Tall trees strongly impact the downward transport of high momentum (i.e. sweeping events) and therefore alter the momentum and heat fluxes most significantly through direct interaction with the strong shear layer near the roof top. Simulations of street canyons of different aspect ratios also produce physically consistent results, thus demonstrating the application potential of LES-UrbanTree. The study overall highlights the importance of representing both the aerodynamic and thermodynamic changes due to trees in urban models.

KW - Canopy flow

KW - Large-eddy simulation

KW - Surface energy exchange

KW - Urban forestry

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