Landscape determinants of spatio-temporal patterns of aerosol optical depth in the two most polluted metropolitans in the United States

Chenghao Wang, Chuyuan Wang, Soe Myint, Zhihua Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Elevated concentration of atmospheric aerosols during severe urban air pollution episodes necessitates a deep understanding of the underlying determinants for a sustainable urban environment. The 15-year (2001–2015) Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aerosol optical depth (AOD) data for the Phoenix and Los Angeles Metropolitan Areas were applied to examine the spatio-temporal patterns and dynamics of urban aerosols. The strongly correlated temporal trends of AOD were observed due to the similar seasonal pattern of aerosol emissions and potential synoptic connections between two areas. Relatively higher mean value and lower decreasing trend of AOD were found in the PMA. Correlations reveal that topography is the predominant factor affecting the spatial pattern of AOD, as compared to the urban land use and vegetation. The effect of urbanization on air pollution varies with preexisting landscape, which apparently alleviates aerosol concentration in the PMA. Vegetation mitigates air pollution despite its emission of fine mode aerosols. As a cross-validation, the ground-measured concentrations of particulate matters (PM2.5 and PM10) were compared against AOD. The abnormal weak positive or strong negative AOD–PM2.5 associations result from the relatively small portion of anthropogenic aerosols and the changing atmospheric boundary layer height.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1556-1565
Number of pages10
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume609
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 31 2017

Fingerprint

Aerosols
optical depth
aerosol
Air pollution
atmospheric pollution
Atmospheric aerosols
Atmospheric boundary layer
Particulate Matter
urban pollution
vegetation
Laser modes
Land use
Topography
metropolitan area
MODIS
particulate matter
urbanization
boundary layer
Imaging techniques
topography

Keywords

  • Aerosol optical depth
  • AOD–PM association
  • Land use
  • Topography
  • Urban environment
  • Vegetation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

Cite this

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title = "Landscape determinants of spatio-temporal patterns of aerosol optical depth in the two most polluted metropolitans in the United States",
abstract = "Elevated concentration of atmospheric aerosols during severe urban air pollution episodes necessitates a deep understanding of the underlying determinants for a sustainable urban environment. The 15-year (2001–2015) Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aerosol optical depth (AOD) data for the Phoenix and Los Angeles Metropolitan Areas were applied to examine the spatio-temporal patterns and dynamics of urban aerosols. The strongly correlated temporal trends of AOD were observed due to the similar seasonal pattern of aerosol emissions and potential synoptic connections between two areas. Relatively higher mean value and lower decreasing trend of AOD were found in the PMA. Correlations reveal that topography is the predominant factor affecting the spatial pattern of AOD, as compared to the urban land use and vegetation. The effect of urbanization on air pollution varies with preexisting landscape, which apparently alleviates aerosol concentration in the PMA. Vegetation mitigates air pollution despite its emission of fine mode aerosols. As a cross-validation, the ground-measured concentrations of particulate matters (PM2.5 and PM10) were compared against AOD. The abnormal weak positive or strong negative AOD–PM2.5 associations result from the relatively small portion of anthropogenic aerosols and the changing atmospheric boundary layer height.",
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author = "Chenghao Wang and Chuyuan Wang and Soe Myint and Zhihua Wang",
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AU - Wang, Chenghao

AU - Wang, Chuyuan

AU - Myint, Soe

AU - Wang, Zhihua

PY - 2017/12/31

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AB - Elevated concentration of atmospheric aerosols during severe urban air pollution episodes necessitates a deep understanding of the underlying determinants for a sustainable urban environment. The 15-year (2001–2015) Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aerosol optical depth (AOD) data for the Phoenix and Los Angeles Metropolitan Areas were applied to examine the spatio-temporal patterns and dynamics of urban aerosols. The strongly correlated temporal trends of AOD were observed due to the similar seasonal pattern of aerosol emissions and potential synoptic connections between two areas. Relatively higher mean value and lower decreasing trend of AOD were found in the PMA. Correlations reveal that topography is the predominant factor affecting the spatial pattern of AOD, as compared to the urban land use and vegetation. The effect of urbanization on air pollution varies with preexisting landscape, which apparently alleviates aerosol concentration in the PMA. Vegetation mitigates air pollution despite its emission of fine mode aerosols. As a cross-validation, the ground-measured concentrations of particulate matters (PM2.5 and PM10) were compared against AOD. The abnormal weak positive or strong negative AOD–PM2.5 associations result from the relatively small portion of anthropogenic aerosols and the changing atmospheric boundary layer height.

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