Labial canine talon cusp from the Early Holocene site of Gobero, central Sahara Desert, Niger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The specimen reported here presents a rare form of dental variant-a permanent, mandibular labial canine talon cusp. This anomaly has not previously been reported in the clinical or archaeological literatures and is currently unique. The affected individual is an adult male from the Early Holocene cemetery of Gobero located in the Sahara Desert in the Republic of Niger. The age of this site (ca. 9500bp) makes this the first archaeological case of labial talon cusp from Africa and the oldest reported talon cusp of any kind (lingual or labial, maxillary or mandibular, incisor or canine) in the world. Previous case studies, population frequency data, sexual dimorphism patterns and distribution within the dentition are discussed for labial talon cusp. The morphological aetiology of talon cusps is reviewed with respect to this specimen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-406
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Fingerprint

Niger
cemetery
etiology
desert
republic
literature
Cusp
Sahara
Early Holocene
Archaeology

Keywords

  • Early Holocene
  • North Africa
  • Talon cusp

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Labial canine talon cusp from the Early Holocene site of Gobero, central Sahara Desert, Niger. / Stojanowski, Christopher; Johnson, K. M.

In: International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, Vol. 21, No. 4, 07.2011, p. 391-406.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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