Most label-free techniques rely on measuring refractive index or mass change on the sensor surface. Thus, it is challenging for them to measure small molecules or enzymatic processes that only induce a minor mass change on the analyte molecules. Here, we have developed a technique by combining Surface Plasmon Resonance sensing with an Oscillating Biomolecule Layer approach (SPR-OBL) to enhance the sensitivity of traditional SPR. In addition to the inherent mass sensitivity, SPR-OBL is also sensitive to the charge and conformational change of the analyte; hence it overcomes the mass limit and is able to detect small molecules. We show that the multimetric SPR-OBL measurement allows for sensing any changes regarding mass, charge, and conformation, which expands the detection capability of SPR.
- charge sensitive
- drug screening
- small molecule detection
- Surface plasmon resonance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes