Kinetic separation of carbon dioxide and methane on a copper metal-organic framework

Zongbi Bao, Sufian Alnemrat, Liang Yu, Igor Vasiliev, Qilong Ren, Xiuyang Lu, Shuguang Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Separation of carbon dioxide and methane is an important issue in upgrading low-quality natural gas. Adsorption equilibria and kinetics of CO2 and CH4 on a copper metal-organic framework (MOF), Cu(hfipbb)(H2hfipbb)0.5 [H2hfipbb=4,4'-(hexafluoroisopropylidene) bis(benzoic acid)], were investigated to evaluate the feasibility of removing CO2 from CH4 in a pressure swing adsorption process using this new MOF adsorbent. The heat of adsorption of CO2 on the Cu-MOF at zero-coverage (29.7kJ/mol) is much lower than those on a carbon molecular sieve and a zeolite 5A adsorbent; and the heat of adsorption of CH4 on the Cu-MOF (21.4kJ/mol) is similar to that on the zeolite 5A adsorbent and smaller than that on a carbon molecular sieve. The Cu-MOF being investigated has apertures of (∼3.5×3.5Å), which favors the kinetically controlled separation of CO2 and CH4. The kinetic selectivity is found to be 26 at 298K, and the overall selectivity (combining the equilibrium and kinetic effects) is about 25 for an adsorption separation process. These results suggest that the Cu-MOF adsorbent is an attractive alternative adsorbent for the CO2/CH4 separation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)504-509
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume357
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Methane
Carbon Dioxide
Copper
Carbon dioxide
Adsorbents
Metals
Kinetics
Adsorption
Zeolites
Molecular sieves
Carbon
Benzoic Acid
Benzoic acid
Natural gas

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • CO/CH separation
  • Cu-MOF
  • Kinetic selectivity
  • Membrane
  • Microporous
  • Pressure swing adsorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Kinetic separation of carbon dioxide and methane on a copper metal-organic framework. / Bao, Zongbi; Alnemrat, Sufian; Yu, Liang; Vasiliev, Igor; Ren, Qilong; Lu, Xiuyang; Deng, Shuguang.

In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 357, No. 2, 15.05.2011, p. 504-509.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bao, Zongbi ; Alnemrat, Sufian ; Yu, Liang ; Vasiliev, Igor ; Ren, Qilong ; Lu, Xiuyang ; Deng, Shuguang. / Kinetic separation of carbon dioxide and methane on a copper metal-organic framework. In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 2011 ; Vol. 357, No. 2. pp. 504-509.
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AB - Separation of carbon dioxide and methane is an important issue in upgrading low-quality natural gas. Adsorption equilibria and kinetics of CO2 and CH4 on a copper metal-organic framework (MOF), Cu(hfipbb)(H2hfipbb)0.5 [H2hfipbb=4,4'-(hexafluoroisopropylidene) bis(benzoic acid)], were investigated to evaluate the feasibility of removing CO2 from CH4 in a pressure swing adsorption process using this new MOF adsorbent. The heat of adsorption of CO2 on the Cu-MOF at zero-coverage (29.7kJ/mol) is much lower than those on a carbon molecular sieve and a zeolite 5A adsorbent; and the heat of adsorption of CH4 on the Cu-MOF (21.4kJ/mol) is similar to that on the zeolite 5A adsorbent and smaller than that on a carbon molecular sieve. The Cu-MOF being investigated has apertures of (∼3.5×3.5Å), which favors the kinetically controlled separation of CO2 and CH4. The kinetic selectivity is found to be 26 at 298K, and the overall selectivity (combining the equilibrium and kinetic effects) is about 25 for an adsorption separation process. These results suggest that the Cu-MOF adsorbent is an attractive alternative adsorbent for the CO2/CH4 separation.

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